The function of the boiler is depended on the type of boiler you owned for your domestic purposes. Mainly, the prime function of the boiler is to supply you with adequate amount of hot water whenever you need. Another function of the boiler is to utilise the steam to heat up your room to make you feel comfortable and cosy in cold winter nights.

But, if you have ever got a chance to look inside of the boiler during boiler installation procedure, you will find the inner structure varies from one another and is much complicated. The detailed functioning of the boiler is given here by the tech experts for your reference. Read on to know.

The procedure of the boiler

  1. As soon as the thermostat of your home experiences the dropping in the room temperature, it is the time to turn on the boiler.
  2. Once you switched on your boiler, it will use electricity, oil or gas to produce the sufficient heat.
  3. The heat is entirely utilised for heating up the water stored in the boiler.
  4. The emitted steam is spread throughout the home with the help of the radiant floor systems or radiators so that you can stay comfortably.
  5. If the water cools down it will be back to the boiler to get reheated again and your home will be warmed up again simultaneously.
  6. The process will be continued till the thermostat senses that your room temperature becomes normal and alarms you to turn off the boiler.

Now, when you come to know about the wide functioning procedure of the boiler, let’s look at the varied options available for it in the below section.

Varied kinds of boilers

Classification of the boiler has been done on the basis of a number of factors. Some of them are mentioned below:

  • Draft method
  • Temperature and pressure
  • Capacity or size
  • Fuel type
  • Efficiency (ability to reutilise wasted heat)
  • Heating procedure (watertube vs. firetube)
  • Form of heating (steam vs. hot water)
  • Potentiality to produce hot water including steam or only heat

But to make the boiler installation in London simple, a few common aspects from the above are considered: Form of heating, Fuel type and its ability to offer heat including hot water or heat only.

Fuel type

No matter which boiler you have selected for achieving your home purposes, its prime function is to offer you with sufficient amount of hot water and generates heat at first (combustion procedure). Varied boiler types use varied mediums to generate the heat to supply you with hot water.

Common 3 various fuel sources used by the boilers are given below:

  • Electricity
  • Oil
  • Gas
  • Gas Boilers

Whenever your residential thermostat alarms, you gas boiler will start using either electric start or pilot light to ignite the oxygen and gas into the ‘combustion chamber’. It is the secured and safe chamber where the gas burns to release sufficient amount of heat.

Then, it will be transferred to the ‘heat exchanger’- a chain of copper pipes which will supply you with the hot water. As it is the most widespread form, it is easy to operate and can be installed at a reasonable rate of price as compared to other boiler types.

Oil Boilers

The functioning procedure of the oil boiler is similar to that of the gas boiler: it also combusts in the specific combustion chamber and then the heat gets transferred to the heat exchanger for heating up the water and supply you with.

However, there is a vast difference between a gas boiler and an oil boiler which is the latter one requires a storage tank for storing oil. Whenever needed, it utilises the oil for heating up the water. It is not an eco-friendly option at all as it emits heavy gas during combustion.

It is widely accepted amongst the people due to its efficiency and compactness of the model. As the prices of the gas and oil always fluctuate, it can be an expensive option for you in comparison to gas boilers. Thus, you must talk to your plumbers in the UK to know the estimation of varied boilers installation.

Electric Boilers

Electrical boilers can be your companion if there is not adequate supply of natural gas in your home. In contrary to the oil and gas boilers, its performance slightly differs. Rather burning of the fuel, it utilises the electrical power for heating the elements to heat up the water.

And you can get the sufficient amount of hot water you need to meet your requirements. As it is an eco-friendly option it is the most expensive model amongst others.

Different forms of heating

Every type of boiler- electric, oil and gas can heat up the room in two ways:

  • Hot water
  • Steam

hot water boilers never boil water instead it heats it up in 140o to 180o Fahrenheit. Electrical pumps are required for pushing the hot water throughout the installed specific piping system of your home.

On the other hand, steam boilers heat the water by exceeding its boiling point so that it can emit steam. It is then evenly distributed throughout your home with the help of the radiant floor systems or radiators.

As steam boilers use much energy to heat the water and make the room warm, it is not so efficient. But, interestingly by exerting much pressure inside it generates the steam which is why it doesn’t need any additional energy with the help of a circulating or electrical pump.

Distinguish between heat only boilers and system/combi boilers

As traditional boilers are engineered in such a way to perform as central heating only, certain boilers are meticulously developed to perform as hot water heater.

The boilers which offer you with both hot water and heating are either:

  • Indirect systems
  • Tankless coil systems

Indirect systems use the heat exchanger for heating up the water and stored in the specific tank. The stored water will be hot for a long period of time and you can use it whenever you need.

Thus, it is considered as the most efficient method for water heating as it never consumes much energy by turning on and off the boiler every time when you want to get hot water.

Tankless coil system also uses heat exchanger for heating up the water as per you requirement. This refers that whenever you will turn on the faucet, your heat exchanger will start performing and hot water will be delivered.

It is highly preferred during the winter months as it will always keep your home warm. During the summer months, it becomes the energy guzzler as much heat isn’t required yet it heats up the water unnecessarily.

These are all about the functioning process of varied boilers available there in the market. You must discuss to your plumber before selecting any boiler for your home. For free quotes, contact 4D Heating and Plumbing to get the most suitable option for your home.