It’s a saying that “He who has health has hope, and he who has hope has everything.” This saying is very much real; a healthy mind resides in a healthy body. Moreover, to remain healthy one must know his/her own body. Today I will put some light on the different types of body fats in our body and how to handle it. So let’s get started.

Our body fat is divided into two main categories, i.e., Brown Fat and White Body Fat.

What is the difference between brown body fat and white body fat?

When we talk about body fat, we usually consider those extra pounds on our body as fat that we can pinch in-between our fingers. However, what science teaches us is much more. It tells us that there is more to body fat than an extra layer of fat below the skin. We can categorize fat into two categories: the Brown Body Fat and the White Body Fat. The Brown Fat is ‘good fat’ in our body, which actually helps in burning calories. It is mostly found in newborns and also exists in the adult’s body but in a smaller quantity. On the other hand, Most of our body fat is made up of White Body Fat, and it increases as we age. The bad thing is, white body fat is ‘surplus’ in nature and is very harmful to our body.

Further, we can subcategorize body fat into four different types:

diagram of human body showing different layers of body fat

1. Essential Fat

As the name suggests, essential fat is the necessary fat of our body. The minimum required essential fat is 3%. We know, fat is the storehouse of energy and it also helps in maintaining the right temperature of our body. So if it reduces below 3%, then the person might die. Essential fat helps our body to burn calories and to balance hormone levels; that is the reason it is considered as good body fat. 

2. Beige Fat 

The Beige fat was identified a few years back and still under research. Beige fat is tiny pea-size deposits of fat usually found beside the spine and near the collar bone region. The scientists of  Dana Farber Cancer Institute performed some tests on the mice and found that the white body fat can be converted into brown body fat by the process of ‘Browning.’ After performing some tests on the mice, it is believed that ‘browning’ helps in weight management and since humans and mice share the same substantial hormone called irisin, scientists suspect that human also produces beige fat through exercise.

3.  White Subcutaneous Fat

Now, this is the fat for which we have all been waiting to talk about. White Subcutaneous fat is the culprit in all of our lives. Subcutaneous fat lies directly beneath the skin. White fat is a vibrant, energy-storing type of adipose tissue. If the metabolic activity is low, it deposits in the regions of the legs, hips, and belly. The increase in subcutaneous fat levels disrupts the healthy balance and functioning of body hormones.

4. White Visceral Fat

Visceral fat is also known as the “Deep Fat.” It is found in-between the outer layers of inner organs. As it wraps around the internal organs, it is challenging to remove it through surgery. The excess of visceral is very harmful to our bodies as its blood flows into the liver through the portal vein. In simple words, all the toxins and fatty acids from visceral fat are cleared up by the blood and dumped into the liver, negatively impacting the production of blood lipids (cholesterol).

The good part is that we can manage or reduce the visceral fat through a proper healthy diet and regular workout. Visceral fat is very responsive to exercise. In fact, this dangerous fat is far more willing to go away than rigid subcutaneous fat.

Now you have learned about the types of body fats, let us also learn how we can manage the white body fat type.

How to get rid of White Body fat?

Before you start worrying about your belly fat, you should know about this: To protect your inner organs, a certain amount of body fat is essential. It also stores energy that can be used during illnesses and other physical fatigues. However, it is necessary to get rid of the excess of belly fat. In order to reduce both your subcutaneous and visceral fat enough sleep, low-stress levels, a healthy and well-balanced diet, and conventional exercise are essential to long-term success.