Landscapes are changing every day, be it due to the natural causes or made artificially by us human beings. It is in the constant change of motion. Due to which even the depths of all the site cuts and excavation sites are also changing. The process of exposure and recording all the archaeological remains are known as site cuts. Excavation takes place for over a period of time especially due to a natural cause.
These excavating sites or at times there are connected series of sites are excavated for gaining valuable resources or knowledge about the past history or at times. These are mined for resources such as minerals, coals and many more.
Specialized techniques are being used with each of them having their own particular features. At times archaeologists cannot excavate due to lack of resources and other practical issues. Due to all these problems surfacing most of the times, many of the site cuts or excavating areas are left untouched. Here the concern and intention of preserving the heritage. Mostly this is done for the future generation these site cuts are left unexcavated as excavating often leads to ground problems such as soil erosions and deforestation also to some extent.
Site cutting is mainly provided by the excavating specialists as they have the best idea about the soil condition, nearby location and all the things related to excavation. Usually, before building a house or an apartment it is important to have a soil check by the site cutters. Here it will ensure that the building will be built on safe land.
Types of Machines Used in Such Sites:
- Standard excavator: They have a boom, stick and a bucket attached with them for the easier functioning. Hence, these are mainly attached in the front of the machine. The arm of the machine can be extended to a great distance and it can be lowered down to dig the soil for excavating. The cab of the excavator can be rotated in all directions, which helps in digging the soil in a faster and better way. Moving to dump off the waste or gravel is also easily done with these excavators. These machines in common tern known as crawler excavators.
- Wheeled excavator: Now, the excavator is basically a variation of the standard excavator with wheels instead of tracks for it to move from place to place. These are mainly used in hard terrains or on uneven grounds as they have wheels instead of tracks. You will notice that these are not well suited for hilly places because of their higher ground pressure. Greater speed is provided when it comes to transporting materials on a flat road or ground. The greatest advantage of these excavators is that a driver can move it from the construction sites to the dumping areas. They do not need to be hauled by a trailer, thus saving time and energy as well as it is economical.
- Long reach excavator: They are similar to the standard excavators except for the fact they have a longer arm than the rest of the excavators available. They are most needed for larger construction sites due to its efficiency and speed. Long reach excavators are more in demand in demolition sites as these sites require precisions.
Site cuts can also be defined as the excavating sites which are cleared out so that it is ready for a building or a construction site or a residential tower can be made on the land. Most of the time the process is done by specialized excavators, who are professional and have experience in this field for a very long time.