Pregnancy is one of the most important events in a woman’s life and is accompanied by widespread changes in the human body. Naturally, it also calls for a lot of adjustments in lifestyle, like the most common ones being, abstaining from smoking and alcohol during the entire term. Pregnancy also calls for strict medical supervision by doctors at regular intervals to assess for any complications if they arise during the period. Early pregnancy scans most commonly constitute Sonograms or Ultrasounds which track the growth of the foetus and detects any neonatal abnormalities or conditions. These tests are carefully spread over the entire period of 9 months and are essential to keeping your’s and the unborn’s body healthy. In this article, we will delve into the details of the different types of scans one should get during pregnancy.

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  • Home pregnancy test kit: The most common type of test, at the beginning of the pregnancy, and one which is commonly sold around drugstores and chemist shops in the world. If you have been missing your periods or are experiencing bodily changes like widening of hips then its essential to get yourself a home kit and check if you are pregnant or not. Keep in mind that home testing kits are not 100% foolproof and you must visit a physician or a specialist to make sure.

  • Dating scan/Trans Vaginal Sonogram: Dating scans are usually prescribed around 5-8 weeks of pregnancy and is performed through a vaginal probe, as during the early stages, sonogram cannot be performed through the abdomen region. This test is done to check for the condition of the reproductive organs of the body like Uterus, Ovaries, Cervix etc. The doctor through this test will be able to assess the approximate age of the baby and the expected time of delivery.

  • Nuchal fold sonogram: This scan is performed around 11-14 weeks and is through an abdominal Sonogram. This scan is essential to find out if the baby is suffering from any genetic disorder like Down’s syndrome. To prepare for this scan, you will be asked to drink several glasses of water first, and avoid emptying your bladder.

  • Anatomy scan: This scan happens around 20 weeks of conception, and by this time, the baby has developed into a human form with organs. Through this scan, doctors determine whether the organs of the baby are functioning properly, and is also used to asses the gestational growth.

  • Growth scans, doppler blood flow: These scans happen in the last trimester and by this time the doctor will tell you the height and weight of the baby. These scans are instrumental to detect problems like heart conditions with the baby and gynaecologists also recommend Doppler blood flow tests to check for cord compression in case of stunted growth.

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Summary: We have briefly told you about the type of scans one has to undergo during their pregnancy based on their time periods. Apart from these, doctors might recommend other scans which depends on case to case. We hope this guide has been informative for you.