The need for enhanced border security due to issues related to increasing land disputes, migration, and smuggling, has obligated several countries to further strengthen their security. This has led to the increase in the demand of advanced combat and support vehicles which provide enhanced situational awareness to the soldiers so as to have a competitive edge over the opponents. With recent developments in artificial intelligence and machine learning, manned and unmanned ground vehicles are becoming available at a reliable cost. Ground defense systems are typically operated through manpower, but after the development of technologies like artificial intelligence, robotics, machine learnings and sensors, the demand of unmanned operated ground defense system is growing significantly.
There has been a significant development in the modernization of ground defense systems which increase the mobility, survivability, and lethality of ground defense vehicles. This is primarily due to the rising inflow of defense budgets across the globe on account of increasing extent of conflicts among various countries. In defense and security application, the ground defense systems are used for combat, logistic & transportation, search & rescue explosive ordinance disposal, intelligent, surveillance & reconnaissance, mine clearance, firefighting, engineering and recovery support. Ground defense vehicles such as main battle tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, self-propelled artillery, multiple launch rocket systems, armored personnel carrier, mine resistant ambush protected vehicles, tactical armored vehicles, light utility vehicles, amphibious and military engineering vehicles are the major types of vehicles which comprise different kinds of electronic and mechanical systems for optimum operation. These vehicles are capable of handling various activities that include combat capabilities, cognitive capabilities, sensing emotion, intelligence, and surveillance & reconnaissance.
On account of growing cross-border conflicts, terrorist activities, and NATO’s defense spending standard, the government and defense forces are focusing on raising defense budget for procurement of advanced combat and support system along with upgradation of old fleets, resulted in the demand for main battle tanks, armored personnel carrier, light tactical vehicle/multi-purpose armored vehicle and amphibious vehicles, among others is growing substantially. Countries such as U.S., U.K., China, India, Japan, Germany, South Korea and Saudi Arabia are actively engaging in new production contracts with private and public defense equipment manufacturing companies.
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The increased revenue generated by the manned and unmanned ground vehicles is due to high demand for the modernization of main battle tanks, infantry fighting vehicles and new procurements of armored personnel carriers and UGVs for defense and security applications. Main battle tanks and infantry fighting vehicles are mainly used for combat applications, whereas unmanned ground vehicles are usually used for navigation through tough terrains that are both unsafe and toxic. Unmanned ground vehicles are robotic vehicles that are used in complex environments of military operations, explosives handling, search operations, and intelligence gathering, among others.
The key players that are actively participating in the ground defense system market include BAE Systems (U.K.), QinetiQ (U.K.), Elbit Systems Ltd. (Israel), IVECO DEFENCE VEHICLES (U.K.), Denel Land Systems (South Africa), Northrop Grumman Corporation (U.S.), Lockheed Martin Corporation (U.S.), Navistar Defense (U.S.), Oshkosh Defense (U.S.), Rheinmetall AG (Germany), Israel Aerospace Industries (Israel), General Dynamics Corporation (U.S.), Harris Corporation (U.S.), Clearpath Robotics Inc. (Canada), FLIR Systems Inc. (U.S.), and Thales Group (France), among others.