Single-use medical device reprocessing refers to cleaning, disinfection, testing, sterilization, and remanufacturing of a used medical device to be put in service again. The reuse of single-use medical devices first began in the late 1970s. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), around 20 to 30% of the U.S. hospitals reported having reused at least one type of single-use device. The reuse of single-use devices involves ethical, regulatory, legal, medical, and economic issues, which have faced controversy in the last two decades. The reuse of single-use medical devices has increased typically due to the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak.

In general, there are two categories of products that can be reused: active and inert. Active products are required for making new products, while inert products are used for making old products stronger, newer, longer-lasting, and more effective. The useful products that are generated are called inert products. These are products that have a certain amount of value because of their function. They are available in different forms like paper, paperboard, metals, plastic, etc. These products can either be reclaimed from the environment, or produced by industries and used for manufacturing purposes. The mobile devices that need to be recycled for single-use medical device reprocessing include diagnostic devices, sterilization equipment, biopsy instruments, blood glucose analyzers, blood pressure monitors, disposable gloves, medical imaging devices, and many more.

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