Sexually transmitted infections are the ones that are passed on when an individual has close sexual contact or unprotected sex with a person having STI. The infection might get transmitted through non-sexual means such as sharing needles and blood transfer as well. The common symptoms of the infection include abdominal pain, vaginal discharge, genital ulcers, and urethral discharge. Many infections can be transmitted to the child from the mother during pregnancy as well as childbirth.
Testing for STI
The only way to know if an individual is infected is by testing.
Here are the aspects that state for whom testing is important
- Individuals who are sexually active and about to begin a new relationship
- Individuals whose partner had been cheated on them or had multiple partners
- Individuals who have multiple partners
- Individual experiencing symptoms of STI
If you are having doubt, testing for an STI is the safest choice. There are different types of STI. Consulting a doctor is the best way to know which infection you need to get tested. The doctors might ask you to get tested from the following.
This test is taken to identify the presence of the Chlamydia bacteria in the body. This infection spreads by having oral, anal or vaginal sex with an infected individual. This disease is curable. The individuals can test it through a home test kit.
- Syphilis Test
This test is done to diagnose if an individual has syphilis bacteria. These bacteria transmit mainly during sexual intercourse. This infection can be treated if diagnosed timely. In the case of pregnant females, testing timely can help prevent the transmission to babies.
It is the test that detects if the body of the person is infected with bacterium Neisseria gonorrhea. The infection is transmitted through unprotected sex and can spread to the parts of the body like the rectum, eyes are, etc.
Along with these, there are several other tests that the doctor might ask to get done like Hepatitis B, HIV, etc. If you feel hesitant to get tested, you can test at home using the home test kits available in the market.