Liver transplantation is a major surgical procedure that is undertaken to remove a diseased liver in order to replace it with a healthy one.  Due to its severity and risks involved, patients should try to visit the best liver transplant hospital in India if they are required to go through this surgery. People who have had liver transplants go on to lead perfectly normal lives.

When would one require a liver transplant?

There are multiple causes for liver diseases that are severe enough to require organ transplantation. In adults, a common reason for liver transplantation is cirrhosis. This is a medical condition where the liver gradually deteriorates and malfunctions owning to a chronic injury.  Scar tissue replaces the healthy liver tissue, subsequently partially blocking the flow of blood through the liver. Liver cirrhosis can be used by viruses like hepatitis B and C, alcohol, autoimmune liver diseases, hereditary liver diseases, as well as the buildup of fat in the liver. A lot of people who develop cirrhosis of the liver due to excessive alcohol consumption may also need a liver transplant. It, in fact, is one of the key options for alcoholic liver disease treatment, if the medical condition reaches a highly severe stage. However, in certain scenarios, abstinence from alcohol and treatment of complications for a span of six months or so can improve the symptoms of the patients, and allow them to survive for a prolonged period of time without needing a liver transplant.

When it comes to children, biliary atresia is one of the most common reasons for liver transplantation. This medical condition takes place in newborn infants, as the common bile duct between their liver and the small intestine gets blocked or is absent. Bile ducts are typically missing or damaged among infants suffering from this diseases, which leads to obstructed bile causing cirrhosis. Going for a liver transplant surgery in India would be the only option to save kids suffering from such a condition.

Liver cancer, benign liver tumors, and hereditary diseases are some of the other reasons why one may need a liver transplant. . Going for a liver transplantation at an early stage of liver cancer may result in long-term survival for most of the patients. However, cancers of the liver that begin somewhere else in the body and spread to the liver would not be curable with a liver transplant.