Glaucoma is one of the most critical eye conditions. Indeed, in this condition, both the eyes’ optic nerves get damaged progressively. Continuous damage to the optic nerves results in vision loss or blurred vision. The most unusual thing about this condition is that most people don’t even know that they are suffering from this condition.

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is basically a group of eye disorders in which a person’s optic nerves, which are connected to the brain,get damaged continuously. A person suffering from this condition doesn’t realize that it can lead to vision loss or blurred vision. The brain is connected to the eyes through millions of optic nerves, which send visual signals to the brain.Then, the brain processes the image so that the person can get a vision.

If you are experiencing any problem in the eyes, you should immediately go to the best glaucoma hospital in India for a check-up. This condition will affect the person so much that he is more likely to lose the ability to see things. If not treated ontime, it leads to complete vision loss.


Leading Causes of Glaucoma

At present, researchers around the globe don’t yet know the root cause of glaucoma. However, the disease is categorised into two types: Primary Glaucoma and Secondary Glaucoma. In the primary type, the person suffering from the disease has no other known cause. In the secondary type, the patient with glaucoma disease is likely to have a particular known cause. The direct cause could bediabetes, inflammation, tumour, or advanced cataract. Visit a good eye hospital for the right diagnosis and treatment. 


What Puts a Person at an Increased Risk of Glaucoma?

According to ophthalmologists from leading eye hospitals, following are the factors that put a person at an increased risk of glaucoma:


  • Family History– If anyone in your family has the disease, you are genetically at an increased risk of getting affected by it. 
  • Age– People who are over 60 years are at an increased risk of getting the disease.
  • Certain Medical Conditions– People suffering from diabetes, heart disease, and blood pressure fluctuation pose a risk to a person. Having low or high blood pressure also puts pressure on optic nerves of the eyes, thus resulting in glaucoma disease.
  • Eye Injury– Eye injury will directly affect the possibility of getting glaucoma.
  • Eye-Related Factors– People having other eye problems like inflammation, myopia, tumour, or increased corneal thickness may also get glaucoma disease.


Glaucoma Signs and Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of glaucoma vary from patient to patient. The symptoms are different in open-angle and closed-angle glaucoma.

In the case of open-angle glaucoma, both the eyes of a person get affected at the same time. The person might feel a steady loss of peripheral vision. In advanced open-angle glaucoma, the person might have narrowed vision.

A few of the signs and symptoms of closed-angle glaucoma include severe pain in the glaucoma eye, redness in the glaucoma eye, vision problem (especially in dim light), blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, and Halo-like glow around the affected eye.


Glaucoma Diagnosis

It is very easy to diagnose glaucoma. But, the correct diagnosis of the disease is totally dependent on the best ophthalmologist. Hence, the patient should visit the best glaucoma hospital in India.

  1. First, there will be a routine check-up to find if the patient is having signs and symptoms mentioned above.Then,the testing is done for the affected eye.Before testing the eye, the doctor uses eyedrops to dilate the pupil.
  2. The ophthalmologist checks the condition of the optic nerve to find whether the condition is actually the same as the condition a glaucoma patient has.
  3. Tonometry and visual field tests can also be performed by the doctor if the patient is suffering from a peripheral vision problem.


Glaucoma Treatment

The treatment approach totally depends on the category in which the patient is. For open-angle glaucoma, the patient is treated on an emergency basis. For closed-angle glaucoma, the treatment plan includes eyedrops, Trabeculoplasty, Viscocanalostomy, Aqueous Shunt Implant, and Cycolophocoagulation.

Glaucoma is curable in the initial stages. So, look out for any possible signs and symptoms and consult an ophthalmologist at the earliest.