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Many were taken by surprise by the events in Washington, but to those who closely follow conspiracy and extreme right groups online, the warning signs were all there.

At 02:21 Eastern Standard Time on election night, President Trump walked onto a stage set up in the East Room of the White House and declared victory.

“We were getting ready to win this election. Frankly, we did win this election.”

His speech came an hour after he’d tweeted: “They are trying to steal the election”.

He hadn’t won. There was no victory to steal. But to many of his most fervent supporters, these facts didn’t matter, and still don’t.

Sixty five days later, a motley coalition of rioters stormed the US Capitol building. They included believers in the QAnon conspiracy theory, members of “Stop the Steal” groups, far-right activists, online trolls and others.

On Friday 8 January — some 48 hours after the Washington riots — Twitter began a purge of some of the most influential pro-Trump accounts that had been pushing conspiracies and urging direct action to overturn the election result.

Then came the big one — Mr Trump himself.

The president was permanently banned from tweeting to his more than 88 million followers “due to the risk of further incitement of violence”.

The violence in Washington shocked the world and seemed to catch the authorities off guard.

But for anyone who had been carefully watching the unfolding story — online and on the streets of American cities — it came as no surprise.

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The idea of a rigged election was seeded by the president in speeches and on Twitter, months before the vote.

On election day, the rumors started just as Americans were going to the polls.

A video of a Republican poll watcher being denied entry to a Philadelphia polling station went viral. It was a genuine error, caused by confusion about the rules. The man was later allowed into the station to observe the count.

The US House of Representatives could vote as early as Tuesday on an article of impeachment against President Donald Trump, a senior Democrat has said.

House Democrats plan to introduce a charge of “incitement of insurrection” against the president over his role in the violent storming of the Capitol.

House whip James Clyburn told CNN action would be taken this week.

But the party may not send any articles to the Senate for trial until after Joe Biden’s first 100 days in office.

“Let’s give President-elect Biden the 100 days he needs to get his agenda off and running,” Mr Clyburn said.

That would allow Mr Biden to confirm his new cabinet and kick-start key policies including tackling coronavirus — something that would have to wait if the Senate had already received the impeachment articles.

Mr Trump has made no public statements since he was banned from several social media platforms — including Twitter — on Friday.

On Sunday, however, the White House announced that the president will travel to Texas on Tuesday to visit a stretch of the border wall with Mexico to highlight his administration’s work there.

The 65 days that led to chaos at the Capitol
Could Trump be removed from power?
The hunt to identify and arrest Capitol rioters
Mr Trump has been accused by Democrats and an increasing number of Republicans of encouraging last Wednesday’s riot in Congress in which five people died.

But no Republican senators have said they will vote to convict him of wrongdoing in the Senate.

A second Republican senator, Pat Toomey, called for Mr Trump to resign on Sunday.

“I think the best way for our country…. is for the president to resign and go away as soon as possible,” Sen Toomey told NBC’s Meet the Press.

“I acknowledge that may not be likely, but I think that would be best.”

Lisa Murkowski, from Alaska, was the first Republican senator to urge the president to go. Ben Sasse, a Republican senator from Nebraska, has said he would consider articles of impeachment if approved by the House.

Meanwhile, former Republican California governor Arnold Schwarzenegger labelled Mr Trump as the “worst president ever” in a social media video on Sunday.

The actor likened Wednesday’s violence to that of the Kristallnacht, or the Night of Broken Glass, during which Jewish property was destroyed in Nazi Germany in 1938.

As investigators try to prosecute rioters who stormed the Capitol, police departments in Virginia and Washington state have placed officers on administrative leave for allegedly attending the events while off-duty.

Fire departments in Florida and New York City have also said some of their members may have been present when the mob broke into the Capitol, according to Reuters news agency.

‘QAnon Shaman’ charged over pro-Trump riots
What is the 25th Amendment?
The White House has dismissed the impeachment as a “politically motivated” move that would “only serve to further divide our great country”.

If the process does go ahead, Mr Trump could become the only president in US history to have been impeached twice.

For that to happen, impeachment charges must be brought to the House and passed in a vote.

“It may be Tuesday or Wednesday before action is taken,” House whip Mr Clyburn told CNN, “but I think it will be taken this week.”

Proceedings would then move to the Senate, where a two-thirds vote is necessary for a president’s removal. If he is convicted, the Senate could also hold a vote to bar Mr Trump from holding public office again.

However, Mr Clyburn, a congressman from South Carolina, said he did not think it would possible to impeach and hold a trial before Mr Trump leaves office in 10 days’ time.

Instead, Democrats are considering delaying sending impeachment articles to the Senate.

They have already called on Vice-President Mike Pence to invoke the 25th Amendment, which would allow him to become acting president.

On Sunday, Democratic Speaker of the House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi said lawmakers would this week vote on a resolution calling on Mr Pence to remove Mr Trump from office immediately, ahead of the impeachment process.

However, although Mr Pence has appeared to distance himself from the president by saying on Sunday he planned to attend Mr Biden’s inauguration on 20 January, there is no sign that the vice-president is prepared to use the amendment.

Mr Trump has said he will not attend Mr Biden’s swearing-in ceremony. He has now admitted defeat in the 3 November election and has promised a peaceful transfer of power, but has continued to peddle baseless claims of widespread voter fraud.

Mr Biden said impeachment was for Congress to decide, but that he had thought “for a long time President Trump was not fit to hold the job”.