Do you need to be administered antibiotics prior to a root canal procedure? This question is complex and requires the expertise of a dentist to answer. Here are some reasons our dentist might recommend antibiotics prior to root canal treatment.

What is a Root Canal Treatment?

It is possible that bacteria has invaded your tooth’s inner area, also known as the dental pulp. To save your tooth, you might need root canal therapy, according to the British Endodontic Society.

Root canals are required when a tooth’s nerve is damaged, such as

  • Pulp irritation can be caused by fillings or deep cavities
  • Cracked teeth
  • Trauma to a tooth can be from a recent or past incident

Root canal treatment is an endodontic procedure that involves removing the pulp of the tooth. This contains nerves and blood supply. Our dentist will remove any damaged or decayed tissue and then fill the cavity with a sealant to prevent bacteria from entering the tooth and causing infection. The tooth can develop a pus-filled cavity under the gum if this is not done.

Endodontists are dentists who specialize in this type of treatment.

Why would a dentist prescribe antibiotics before a root canal?

Antibiotic prophylaxis is the practice of giving antibiotics to patients before they undergo dental treatment. This is recommended for patients who have certain conditions. Patients with compromised health can be at risk of developing an infection if oral bacteria is introduced to the bloodstream.

The BES believes it is reasonable to provide prophylaxis to patients at high risk for systemic disease before a dental procedure that affects the gums, the root region (roots), or oral tissues. Prophylaxis is recommended for patients at risk of infection from bacteria in the bloodstream. Endodontists must disinfect the root canals and use dental instruments to protect them.

Protecting against Infective Endocarditis

Dentists might recommend antibiotic prophylaxis to patients at high risk of infection (IE). This is an infection of the lining of the heart or valves.

Dentists state that antibiotics may be administered to patients prior to treatment for dental problems if they are:

  • An overview of IE’s history
  • An egregious history of heart disease, or other heart defects
  • Prosthetic (fake heart valve)
  • Prosthetic materials were used in a heart valve replacement
  • A heart transplant resulted in valve problems.

Although hearing about heart attacks may scare you, it is possible to avoid dental treatment if you are aware of the risks involved. Talk to our dentist if you have concerns. They will evaluate you and if necessary, coordinate with other medical professionals to ensure your safety.