HIV is the virus that reasons AIDS. It damages your immune gadget, making it less complicated on the manner to get ill. HIV is unfold at some point of intercourse, but condoms can help guard you.
HIV is an infection that can lead to AIDS.
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It’s a virulent disease that breaks down high-quality cells on your immune device (your frame’s protection is closer to sicknesses that permit you to live healthily). When HIV damages your immune system, it’s easier to get simply unwell or even die from infections that your frame must typically combat.
About 1.1 million humans in the U.S. Are dwelling with HIV, and extra than 38,000 new infections take location every twelve months. Most humans with HIV don’t have any signs for many years and enjoy certainly best, so they will no longer even recognize they have it.
Once you have got HIV, the virus stays on your frame for lifestyle. There’s no remedy for HIV, but pills permit you to stay wholesome. HIV remedy lowers or perhaps stops your opportunities of spreading the virus to exclusive human beings. Studies display that using HIV treatment as directed can lower the quantity of HIV in your blood a lot that it won’t even show up on a take a look at — even as this occurs, you may transmit HIV via sex.
Treatment is definitely crucial (that’s why getting examined is so crucial). Without treatment, HIV can cause AIDS. But with treatment, human beings with HIV can live lengthy, wholesome lives and prevent the spread of HIV to others.
What is the difference between HIV and AIDS?
HIV is the virus that reasons AIDS. AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV and AIDS are not equal components. And people with HIV do not continually have AIDS.
HIV is the virus that’s handed from man or woman to man or woman. Over time, HIV destroys a crucial form of the cell in your immune system (known as CD4 cells or T cells) that allows protect yourself from infections. When you don’t have enough of these CD4 cells, your frame can’t fight off infections in the manner it generally can.
AIDS is the sickness caused by the damage that HIV does to your immune system. You have AIDS whilst you get dangerous infections or have a tremendous low wide variety of CD4 cells. AIDS is the maximum critical degree of HIV, and it ends in death over time.
Without remedy, it usually takes approximately 10 years for someone with HIV to develop AIDS. Treatment slows down the harm the virus reasons and may help people live wholesome for several a long time
How do you get HIV?
HIV is carried in semen (cum), vaginal fluids, anal mucus, blood, and breast milk. The virus gets on your frame thru cuts or sores in your pores and skin, and via mucous membranes (just like the inner of the vagina, rectum, and opening of the penis). You can get HIV from:
having vaginal or anal intercourse
sharing needles or syringes for taking pictures drugs, piercings, tattoos, etc.
Getting caught with a needle that has HIV-inflamed blood on it
getting HIV-inflamed blood, semen (cum), or vaginal fluids into open cuts or sores on your frame
HIV is typically spread via having unprotected sex. Using condoms and/or dental dams each time you have intercourse and now not sharing needles can help defend you and your companions from HIV. If you do have HIV, the remedy can lower or maybe prevent the possibility of spreading the virus to other human beings at some point during sex. If you don’t have HIV, there’s also an everyday medicinal drug known as PrEP that could guard you against HIV.
HIV can also be passed to infants in the course of being pregnant, delivery, or breastfeeding. A pregnant woman with HIV can take medication to greatly reduce the hazard that her child gets HIV.
HIV isn’t unfolding thru saliva (spit), so you CAN’T get HIV from kissing, sharing meals or liquids, or the usage of the same fork or spoon. HIV is also now not unfold through hugging, retaining palms, coughing, or sneezing. And you couldn’t get HIV from a lavatory seat.