Gallstones are hard lumps that develop in the gallbladder when the digestive fluid or bile deposits and gets hard. According to the best gallstone surgeon in Kolkata, one of the prime reasons for developing gallstones is excessive cholesterol or bilirubin in the bile. This blog highlights the five major risk factors that can lead to the formation of gallstones.

Risk factors of gallstones development

Here are the five risk factors that can lead to the formation of gallstones:

  1. Family history of gallstones

A family history of gallstones covers roughly 25% of the prime causes of developing gallstone. Understanding your family history might assist you in determining your risk factors for gallstones.

  1. Obesity can lead to the development of gallstones

According to the best gallstone surgeon in Kolkata, if you are overweight or obese, your liver generates too much cholesterol. Too much cholesterol in your body might lead to gallstones. The excess cholesterol will get deposited in your gallbladder, increasing your chances of getting gallstones.

Your BMI (body mass index) is an excellent indicator of your weight. Being overweight is defined as having a BMI between 25 and 29.9. Obesity is defined as a BMI of 30 or higher. Women with high BMIs are roughly three times more likely than women of normal weight to suffer gallstones.

  1. Women are at a higher risk of developing gallstone

Women are more likely to develop gallstones compared to men. In fact, gallstones are 2-3 times more common in women than in males because oestrogen raises biliary cholesterol in the bile and induces the formation of gallstone. High amounts of biliary cholesterol might cause cholesterol oversaturation in your gallbladder. Apart from this, if you have high oestrogen levels, you are more likely to develop gallstones if you are also:

  • Pregnant
  • Undergoing hormone replacement treatment
  • Using hormonal birth control
  1. Being over 40 years of age

Your body releases more cholesterol into your bile as you age. Extra cholesterol raises your chances of developing gallstones. Age is a major risk factor for gallstones, with up to 20% of women and 10% of men having gallstones by the age of 60. Regular checkups and paying attention to any pain or discomfort are critical components of preserving your health as you age.

  1. Having diabetes

Diabetes might increase your risk of developing gallstones. Diabetes-related insulin resistance, elevated triglyceride levels, and neuropathy can all impact gallbladder health. Many Type 2 diabetic men and women are overweight or obese, which is another significant risk factor for gallstones. If you have diabetes, you can lower your chance of gallstones by routinely testing your blood sugar levels and maintaining a healthy weight.

Gallstones can result in severe consequences such as discomfort, inflammation, and infection. Hence, you need to visit the best surgical gastroenterologist in Kolkata for treatment.