Ankle & Foot Pain: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Exercises
The feet and ankles are what allow us to feel the ground with our feet, letting out an internal alarm when we hit something hard or soft. This helps provide feedback for everything from balance all of the way up to complex movements like jumping!
Foot and ankle pain is a very common problem for people. It can be caused by injuries like sprains or strains, but most of the time these are short-term issues that only last a while before they go away of their own accord!
If you have ever experienced pain in this area, getting around can be a tough task.
There are many types of injuries that could occur here; some may seem more traumatic such as sprains while other times they develop into debilitating chronic aches without any reason why – like plantar fasciitis for example!
The earlier you get treatment for your pain, the faster it will go away and the less likely that there are any compensation strategies involved in creating other problems up through the knee or hip joints.
Most commonly, foot and ankle pain are caused by:
- Wearing shoes that do not fit properly or support your feet in the way they should
- Standing on your feet for long periods of time without taking a break
- Ankle sprains or strains from overuse or injury
- Arthritis in the foot or ankle
- Bunions, which are when the big toe points towards the second toe
- Corns or calluses are thickened areas of skin that develop from friction
- Flat feet, which is when the arch of the foot collapses
- Heel spurs are bony growths that form on the heel bone
- Plantar fasciitis, which is when the tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes becomes inflamed
If you are experiencing any pain in your feet or ankles, it is important to see a doctor get a proper diagnosis. Once the cause of your pain has been determined, your doctor will be able to
What Makes the Foot and Ankle Unique?
- The ankle joint: This is a hinge joint that allows the foot to move up and down.
- The subtalar joint: This is a joint below the ankle that allows the foot to twist inward and outward.
- The talus: This is a bone that sits between the two bones of the lower leg (the tibia and fibula) and helps form the ankle joint.
- The calcaneus: This is the heel bone.
- The cuboid: This is a cube-shaped bone that sits at the base of the little toe.
- The cuneiforms: These are three wedge-shaped bones that sit in the middle of the foot.
- The metatarsals: These are the long bones in the foot that connect to the toes.
- The phalanges: These are the bones in the toes.
- Tendons and ligaments: These structures connect bones to muscles and help hold the joints together.
- Arteries and veins: These vessels carry blood to and from the feet and ankles.
- Nerves: These structures send messages to and from the brain.