How is Keratoconus Diagnosed and Treated?
Keratoconus is a condition in which the cornea thins and slowly bulges outward to turn into a cone shape. It results in blurred vision. To diagnose the condition your eye doctor will review your medical and family history and conduct an eye exam.
Doctors conduct comprehensive eye examinations, which might include the following tests:
- Refraction test to find nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism issues.
- Test to find the shape of the cornea using the computer. It detects abnormal curvature, thinning, or irregularity.
- The pachymetry test measures the cornea thickness, if the cornea thins, it indicates a sign of Keratoconus,
- Lamp Examination is conducted in which a microscope is used to find the cornea and the other structures of the eyes in detail.
- Keratoconus treatment
Keratoconus treatment depends on the severity. In mild cases, glasses or contact lenses are prescribed, but in more severe cases, the following treatments are recommended:
- Corneal Cross-Linking:
- Corneal Transplant
- Hybrid Contact Lenses:
You should know that the treatment options vary depending on the patient’s particular condition, which requires meeting with an eye doctor. Early detection and treatment can help prevent the progression of Keratoconus and preserve vision.
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