The liver is one of the largest abdominal organs in the human body and plays a critical role in the digestive process. It is typically divided into right and left halves and has eight distinct sub-segments, each with its own blood supply and biliary drainage system.

One of the remarkable abilities of the liver is its capacity for regeneration after division, but if it stops functioning under normal conditions, a liver transplant may be necessary.

Viruses, alcohol consumption, and obesity are just a few of the many factors that can damage the liver and cause illnesses of the liver. But early intervention can offer the liver some breathing room to avoid liver transplantation.

Liver transplantation is a costly medical treatment globally, but the costs in India are significantly lower than in other countries, making it a preferred destination for liver treatment. However, a reasonable cost does not mean that the treatment quality will be compromised. Indian surgeons who perform liver transplants have a high success rate due to their skill and experience. 

Despite being cost-effective, the technology used in India is cutting-edge, just like in any other developed country. Recovery from liver surgery usually takes more than eight weeks, but this can vary from case to case. Let’s take a look at the risks and complications of liver surgery.

Take a look at the risks & complications of liver surgery

Identifying the risk factors involved in liver diseases is important to understand potential complications, even from symptoms that may seem minor. It is crucial to remember that these are only potential risk factors that can create complications during or after liver surgery. To determine the specific risks for each patient, a healthcare professional should evaluate their personal medical history and current health status.

Surgery-related and anesthesia-related problems are more likely to occur in patients with liver disease than in healthy patients. The kind of liver disease, its severity, the surgery, and the type of anesthetic all affect the risk to varying degrees.


  1. Even before surgery, liver illness can result in several issues. Examples include jaundice, cirrhosis, ascites, and hepatic encephalopathy. Jaundice occurs when the liver is unable to properly process bilirubin and manifests as yellow skin and eyes. 


  1. Cirrhosis leads to scarring and blocks can impair the liver’s capacity. A condition called ascites causes the abdomen to fill with fluid, often due to cirrhosis or severe liver damage. Finally, hepatic encephalopathy is a disorder that occurs when toxins build up in the brain due to compromised liver function.

  2. At times liver can cause confusion, drowsiness, and even coma. It is important for patients to be aware of these risks before undergoing liver surgery, and to discuss them with their doctor. The most common one is bleeding. Normally, the liver produces compounds that aid in blood clotting. However, damage to the liver before the surgery and during the surgery can add to potential bleeding problems.

  3. Reactions to medications can lead to infections. Intake of various drugs affects the immune system, preventing the patient’s body from rejecting the new liver. Additionally, these drugs may also promote the growth of any liver cancer that has spread outside of the liver by suppressing the immune system. Some of these drugs used to prevent rejection can also worsen conditions such as diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and weakened bones and kidneys.

Reduce your risk of surgery and complications

If you are concerned about any persistent signs or symptoms, schedule a visit with your doctor. If your abdominal discomfort is so intense that you are unable to remain still, you should seek immediate medical assistance.

One of the most prominent and well-known hospitals in Mumbai is Global Hospitals, which has a history of successful operations. The liver transplant department pays close attention to each patient to reduce the risk of liver surgery.

Patients receive effective therapy and treatment facilities at Global Hospital. Many have benefited from their technical processes, and the hospital is recognized as one of the best in India with well-qualified and dedicated doctors. Patient safety is a top priority in all procedures and treatments related to liver transplant surgeries.


We hope you have thoroughly understood the risks and complications associated with liver surgery. Changing your lifestyle is crucial for maintaining liver health, as is early diagnosis and treatment. The extent of the patient’s liver treatment will depend on the severity of their condition. If you experience pain or discomfort in your abdomen for an extended period, it is advisable to see a doctor.

It is important to limit junk food and to exercise regularly to ensure all your organs are functioning properly. You should visit Global Hospital in case of an emergency or for regular medical check-ups. If you found this article educational, please share it with your close friends and family to raise awareness and encourage early treatment. Take care of yourself and your loved ones.