Textile Testing Methods Based on Global Standard
Textile Testing is one of the major subjects taught in PIET, one of the Top BA Fashion Design Colleges in Haryana. What is testing on textiles? Manufacturers test their products to ensure they function as intended before they are sold to customers. whether it be a machine, an automobile, or a piece of apparel. To ensure clothing is produced to the desired standard and quality, clothing firms and their suppliers conduct textile testing all around the world. Testing is a crucial step in the production of textiles and assists businesses in creating textiles that meet their desired standards and quality.
“Examining and determining the physical, mechanical, and chemical qualities of a textile” is the definition of textile testing. Testing is frequently carried out as textiles are being created to ensure that any flaws or issues are fixed before manufacturing. A number of factors, including atmospheric conditions, testing methods, and the testing devices utilised, might affect test findings.
Textile testing is more crucial than ever because new and inventive apparel is always being developed. Testing textiles during development ensures that the manufacturer can understand the capabilities of the fabric and any improvements that need to be made, from sweat-wicking technology to waterproof clothing. All clothing brands, including workwear, quick fashion, luxury, and sportswear, have a requirement for textile testing and will conduct the required tests for their fabrics.
Since 1872, James Heal has offered textile testing equipment to ensure that clients across the globe receive reliable, consistent results each and every time. Performance apparel and technical textiles can be tested on our new performance testing range. Evidence is required to support the functionality of performance wear, and our instruments have been created to provide producers, retailers, and brands confidence in their findings.
The Objective and Importance of Textile Testing:
• to evaluate the suitability and quality of the raw materials
• to keep an eye on production (process control)
• to evaluate the final product’s quality
• to look at the problematic materials
• to establish criteria or standards
• in order to advance research and development
• in order to develop new products
The five Ms, or Man, Machine, Material, Method, and Measurement, govern testing.
Testing Methods for Textiles:
There are primarily two sorts of testing: quality record testing and routine process testing. Regular process testing results can be easily obtained in the workplace. To complete the task, the quality record testing results for various objects must be recorded.
1. Fiber Testing:
During testing fibre, different fibre characteristics must be examined keeping the final product in mind. The spinning and nonwoven divisions are where fibre testing is primarily done. Staple length, fibre fineness, strength, maturity, rigidity, fibre friction, short fibre percentage, trash content, and other tests are necessary.
The ultimate goal is to produce fabric of the highest quality.
Tensile strength, tear strength, pilling resistance, dimensional stability to washing, seam slippage, colour fastness (Washing, Rubbing, Perspiration, Light, Phenolic Yellowing, Saliva, Hot Pressing), GSM, abrasion, drape ability or hanging property are therefore tested on fabrics to determine whether quality has been achieved or not.
Moisture percentage, crease resistance and recovery, stiffness, air permeability, shrinkage, etc. All of these tests are carried out following material conditioning and under typical environmental conditions.
1. Yarn Testing:
Since the yarn is used as a raw material to make fabrics, testing the yarn for a given fabric production is vital. Single yarn strength, Lea strength, CSP, moisture regain, hairiness, friction, abrasion, twist measurement, count, and yarn elongation are the key yarn testing parameters.
Factors affecting test results
• The sampling
• Atmospheric condition during testing
• Methods of testing
• Instruments used
• Efficiency of the technician
Accreditation of Laboratory:
• International Standards: ISO, IEC, GATT
• Local standards: CENEL, , ASAC, CEN, ARSO, PASC,
• Chinese National Standard: GB/FZ
• American National Standard: ASTM
• AATCC – American Association of Dyeing and Chemical Authors
• EU Standards: EN
• Japanese Industrial Standards: JIS
• Australian National Standards: AS
• British National Standards: BS
• French Standards: NF
• German Standard: DIN
• Korean Industrial Standard: KS
Many buyers employ various textile testing techniques. Many textile and garment testing techniques exist, including –
• American Association of Dyeing and Chemical Authors – AATCC
• American National Standard: ASTM
• International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
• European Norms (EN)
• British Standards (BS)
• British Standards for European Nations (BS EN)
• DeutschesInstitut fur Normung (DIN)
• Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)
Several laboratories around the world are accredited. Common Test List of Restricted Substances: Formaldehyde, Phthalates, AZO Dye, Dimethyl Fumarate (DMF), Alkylphenol Ethoxylates (APEOs), Alkylphenols (APs) and Phenols: Tetrachlorophenol (TeCP), & Pentachlorophenol (PCP), Tributyltin (TBT) & Dibutyltin (DBT), Solvent/ VOC, PAHs (Poly Aromatic Hydrocarbons), Pesticides, NI- Release, Triclosane, Lead, ASTM F963, Total Heavy Metal,.
Best Fashion Designing Courses in Delhi NCR are available for students and working professionals who want no shortcuts and want to enrol with the best of the degree courses. Candidates can acquire job-ready skills and keep up with the newest trends by enrolling in Fashion designing courses, which teaches textile design in detail. For more information on complete curriculum, explore https://pietncrcollege.co.in/courses/b-a-fashion-design/