What is a surge suppressor and why is it important?
A surge suppressor is a surge protection device that functions as an interface between an electrical power source and a connected device. Therefore, it suppresses and regulates the voltage so that it is constant in the event of a spike or overvoltage. Quality surge suppressors must be designed to contain these anomalies before damage occurs to the circuits of sensitive equipment or devices.
What is the surge suppressor for?
It is used to allow the passage of electric current when the voltage is within a permissible range; if the voltage rises above the prescribed level, the suppressor directs these additional spikes and surges to a ground connection, preventing damage to the connected device. In this way, the main purpose will be to ensure the protection of the equipment against surges and voltage spikes. If they do not have a suppressor installed, any voltage above 220 V can cause safety problems, irreparable damage to the equipment, as well as reducing the useful life of the devices, burned circuits and loss of important information or data.
Where is a surge suppressor installed?
In general, it will be installed to protect in:
- Building or office electrical service sources.
- Radio communications equipment
- computers and equipment
- Telephone exchanges and lines
- Power distribution panels with important industrialized control equipment.
A good suppressor can mean the difference between functional equipment and failure in the future. When you purchase a surge suppressor, you should review all the sources you deem necessary to protect to ensure an efficient system.
When should I use a surge suppressor?
The need for a suppressor will depend on the number of devices or equipment that you have connected and need to protect. It is crucial to use a surge suppressor if we have computers and IT equipment. This is because these kinds of devices are packed with voltage sensitive components, so a power surge could easily damage them. In general, a suppressor should be used with any high-end electronic device, prolonging its useful life and avoiding possible damage.
Types of surge suppressors
Low voltage protector
For low voltage protection of single-phase or three-phase lines of sensitive terminal equipment.
Protector of computer networks, telephony and communications
It is intended for industrial sites or buildings with radio communications and telephone exchanges, for the protection of computer, radio communications and telephone equipment.
Protector of LED lighting systems
Protects lighting networks against voltage spikes. It covers different systems or types of LED lighting: urban, architectural, tunnels, etc.
For photovoltaic systems connected to the low voltage network. They will protect the connections, solar panels and photovoltaic control equipment against atmospheric discharges and transient overvoltage’s.
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