You might have heard about the income possibilities of starting strawberry cultivation in India as a farmer. They are minute, tender in appearance, and deep ruby red; they are not just tasty but have become a hot exportable cash crop with increasing local and overseas demand.

 

Nevertheless, a lot of effort, time, energy, and specific knowledge are needed to start strawberry farming in India. This article will explain to you how to begin and sustain a strawberry plantation in the Indian environment.

7 Amazing Tips to Start Strawberry Cultivation

Tip 1: Select the Right Strawberry Variety

Being a strawberry grower, one of the most significant choices you have to make is choosing a suitable variety. Strawberries come in two main types: June-bearing and everbearing are the two categories of strawberries. Whereas the June-bearing types bear fruits only once and in large quantities, the everbearing types bear fruits at different periods, which is suitable for most areas of the country.

 

Choose several of the most demanded varieties of everbearing strawberries, such as San Andreas, Albion, or Seascape, which will be rather productive and universal. However, it would be important to mention disease resistance and comparative adaptation to the climate in your area. Planting materials can be purchased from a reputable nursery so that you can avoid acquiring diseased and poor-quality plants.

Tip 2: Prepare Soil for Strawberries

Strawberries need well-drained fertile soils with a pH that ranges from slightly acidic to moderate acidity, which is 5. 5 to 6. 5. The preferred soil structure should be Sandy loam or loamy texture type as it is equally charges of moisture holding capacity and rates of drainage. It is recommended to use raised beds due to enhanced drainage, giving the shallow strawberry roots enough span.

 

Before starting your strawberry plantation, ensure that you add ample amounts of organic matter to the ground you wish to plant your strawberries in; this could be compost or well-decomposed manure. Do a soil test to determine if the plants could need extra fertilizer for additional nutrient feed to support healthy, vigorous, and high-yielding plants.

Tip 3: Plant Strawberries During Winter

Strawberry season in India is during the winter, ranging from October to November. Since this is a more relaxed period with minor to moderate incidences of diseases, the plants are allowed to set out a sound root system before the heat begins. Proper spacing should be observed when planting so that the plants do not compete for the available resources and diseases arise.

 

In matted row systems, plant 12 to 15 inches inter and 3 to 4 feet interrow. For raised beds, plants and rows should be initially planted 12-15 inches apart. In this case, one needs to ensure that the plant’s depth is accurate since strawberries possess a unique crown. The crown should not be buried much into the soil but should be slightly above the soil level so that it does not rot or grow stunted.

Tip 4: Watering and Feeding for Thriving Strawberries

When the plants are young and during flowering and fruiting, water your plants adequately; this will create juicy and sweet berries. Drip irrigation is preferred since it reduces the evaporation of water and makes the waterfall at the root zone directly, reducing fungal diseases that are likely to develop from overhead irrigation.

 

Also, it is recommended you feed your plants with a fertilizer that has nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to these plants the entire growing season. But bear in mind it is not advisable to over-fertilize this plant, and that is because fertilization results in more foliage than fruits.

Tip 5: Mulching for Healthy Strawberries

Using mulch around the strawberry cultivation would go a long way in improving health. Create a mulch around the base of your plants, and this is made with organic material such as straw, wood chips, or mulch made with leaves in a way that controls weed growth, retains moisture, and protects the shallow root strawberry from frost.

 

Mulching also reduces the chances of soil-borne diseases by providing a barrier to the fruit from the ground, thus reducing the chances of its spoilage through rotting. When mulching, be sure to maintain a gap between the mulch and the plant crown to prevent moisture buildup and potential rot.

Tip 6: Pollination and Pest Management for Bountiful Harvest

Pollination is a crucial process for strawberry fruit development, and understanding your variety’s pollination requirements is essential. While some varieties are self-pollinating, others rely on wind or insect pollinators for optimal fruit sets.

 

Additionally, implement organic pest management strategies to protect your strawberry plants from common pests like aphids and spider mites. Neem oil, insecticidal soaps, and the introduction of beneficial insects like ladybugs or lacewings can help maintain a balanced ecosystem and prevent significant crop damage.

Tip 7: Harvesting Your Homegrown Strawberries

Keep a watchful eye on your plants, wait for the strawberry harvest time, and pick the berries when they are entirely red and easily detach from the stem with a gentle tug. For optimal freshness and flavor, it’s best to harvest in the morning when temperatures are more relaxed.

 

Once picked, store your strawberries in a relaxed, humid environment to prolong their shelf life. If you have an abundant harvest, consider freezing or making jams and preserves to enjoy the taste of summer all year round.

Conclusion

Remember, with all these tips and advice in mind, you must have the right tools for your strawberry farm. The perfect bundle of tools includes an Italian spray gun, tillers and cultivators, plastic mulch layer, drip irrigation systems, and hand tools like pruners, sprayers, etc.  

 

You can get your sprayers from the leading sprayer manufacturer – Krishispray. Visit Krishispray and get the best sprayer for your farm at the best price.