Stem cell therapy is a revolutionary medical approach that stimulates stem cells to treat or prevent disease and promote tissue repair. This therapy is used to treat degenerative disorders, cardiovascular diseases, autoimmune diseases, and several types of cancer. Are you wondering how stem cell therapy works and what risks it poses?

In this article, we will provide you with insights into stem cell therapy, its workings, and potential risks. So, keep reading to understand stem cell therapy in depth.

How Does Stem Cell Therapy Work?

Stem cell therapy is a novel and advanced medical procedure that uses the regenerative properties of stem cells to treat and study disease. In the right conditions, these cells can give rise to new cells, replacing destroyed or dead cells. This therapy is used for the treatment of leukaemia, lymphoma, neuroblastoma, multiple myeloma, and more.

Here is the step-by-step procedure involved in stem cell therapy:

  • Patient Evaluation

The doctor will conduct a thorough evaluation of the patient’s medical history and medications before the therapy. This evaluation helps the doctor understand if stem cell therapy is suitable for the patient.

  • Stem Cell Source Selection

Stem cells can come from your own body (autologous), usually from bone marrow or adipose tissue, or from a suitable donor (allogeneic), often from another person’s bone marrow.

  • Stem Cell Collection

If using autologous stem cells, the patient may need a stem cell banking procedure to collect them. Alternatively, if using allogeneic stem cells, the stem cells should be obtained from a donor prior to transplantation. You can even use the services of a public cord tissue banking facility to find allogeneic cells.

  • Stem Cell Isolation and Processing

The collected stem cells are processed in a laboratory to isolate and concentrate them. This process involves filtering, centrifugation, and other techniques to get a high concentration of viable cells.

  • Stem Cell Administration

The prepared stem cells will be administered to the patient. There are several ways of introducing the stem cells into the recipient, including direct injection to the affected site, through IV into the bloodstream, or through surgical implantation.

  • Monitoring and Follow-up

After the procedure, the patient will be monitored routinely to assess the treatment’s effectiveness and identify any side effects.

  • Recovery and Rehabilitation

Patients may require a period of healing and rehabilitation, depending on the condition being treated. It may comprise physical therapy, dietary changes, or other interventions to promote the healing process.

What are the Risks of Stem Cell Therapy?

There are several stem cell therapy benefits one can experience. However, there are some risks associated to this therapy as well:

  1. Unapproved stem cell therapies can be dangerous, resulting in severe illness or even blindness. Always seek treatment from qualified professionals.
  2. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major concern. It occurs when the body rejects the donor cells, leading to complications throughout the body. Symptoms can include severe abdominal pain, ulcers, rashes, and more.
  3. Other possible risks of stem cell treatment include:
  • Hepatic veno-occlusive disease
  • Cancer relapse
  • New cancer
  • Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD)

Besides these, stem cell therapy benefits could be transient depending on the disease progression, disease, and type of treatment.

Wrapping Up

Stem cell therapy, or regenerative medicine, is the body’s natural repair mechanism to address diseases or injured tissues. Therefore, it is necessary to consult with a trusted healthcare vertical like us. At Cryoviva, we provide a wide range of stem cell treatment options, including cord blood and tissue stem cells.

Our cord blood banking solutions are the best in the industry and use innovative technologies. Contact us today and consult with our experts!