Generally speaking, abstract art paintings break the monotony of realism and reject the fact that the paintings must represent pragmatism. In the pre-World War II era, abstract art painters primarily represented spiritualism or intellectualism, rejecting the 20th-century motto of “art for art’s sake” and replacing realism with spirituality and rationality. Furthermore, with the advent of the technology age, abstract art has become more important.
Painting as an art form has undergone several changes, especially during the 20th century, in which the transition from figurative painting to abstract painting was the main characteristic of the time. The renowned painter Pablo Picasso is believed to have introduced the change from figurative to abstract painting. Picasso, together with George Braque, formulated a new pictorial representation known as cubism, in which the artists represented an object seen from a different point of painting Israel.
Abstract art painting took another leap in 1911 with the creation of synthetic cubism and analytical cubism. These forms of cubism fragmented the subject in painting, for example, in analytical cubism, painters used crystalline geometry, whereas in synthetic cubism the subjects were reduced in size. Artists like Piet Mondrian, whose paintings eventually led to the first non-figurative paintings or pure abstract art from 1914 onwards, were pioneers in such forms of cubist painting. In the 20th century, the Russian painter Wassily Kandisky was a pioneer in non-figurative art.
In addition, in the 1940s, another abstract art form called Abstract Expressionism emerged, in which the theory of Expressionism was applied to abstract paintings. The art form had a huge impact on contemporary American artists, with New York becoming the center of abstract expressionism. Jackson Pollock used this abstract expressionism technique in his action paintings in which he dripped, dropped, stained, or threw paint onto the canvas to create an art object. Other well-known followers of abstract expressionism, also known as the New York School and Action Painting, are Willem de Kooning and Mark Rothko.
Abstract art painting does not refer to any figurative reality; instead, it represents real forms in a simplified or reduced way, creating an allusion to the original theme.