Abstract expressionism got incepted in the year 1940 in America soon after the world war II. Jackson Pollock is the pioneer of this art. An abstract expressionism is a thought rather than a style. They are large scale, flat, vibrant and most recognized historical genres. Surrealism was an original influence on the themes and concepts of the Abstract Expressionism. In this, the people have nothing in common except the opposition. They have a desire to express without giving any form or recognizable shape. It was a result of the political events taking place in the society and the personal experiences of the artists. The artist begins by simple non existing shapes and puts the color of his personalities on the canvas which ultimately becomes his hallmark or signature style. They give special attention to free, spontaneous, and personal emotional expression, and they exercise considerable freedom of technique and execution to attain this goal, with a particular emphasis laid on the exploitation of the variable physical character of paint to evoke expressive qualities.
There are wide variety of abstract expressionist art but the two major one which influences the highest attention of the artists is: –
Action painting – It is all about the physical act of painting which involved splashing and dripping paint on the canvas. Instead of painting in a careful manner, the artist would use rough and gestural brush strokes. Jackson Pollock, Willem DeKooning are famous action painting abstractionists. Pollock is said to dismantle and redefined the modernist painting. His masterpiece “Blind spots” depicts his affection to the jazz which is the central theme of his paintings.
Color field painting – It is non-figurative vibrant painting and on very large canvas with different colors which is jumbled in splashes and represents a visual of been “torn” off the painting. Mark Rothko, Clyfford Still, Helen Frankenthaler are notable color field artists. Rothko was recognized by the Museum of Modern Art. He produced around 40 paintings with a warm pallet of dark red and brown for the Seagram building on Park Avenue in New York which brought him many laurels.
The Real Impact – Soon after the World War II, Japan was in the process of rebuilding itself and in the backdrop of young democracy, Jiro Yoshihara found the Gutai Art Association. Jiro Yoshihara praised Pollock in his Gutai Manifesto of 1956, describing how his work “reveals the scream of matter itself, cries of the paint and enamel.” Soon after his death the Gutai Art start venturing into other forms of art abandoning abstract expressionism. Still it is acknowledged as one of the most influential movements in art. Vienna was had some fine artists like Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele, who were dead, soon after the world war I, however, Otto Muehl, Hermann Nitsch, Rudolf Schwarzkogler, and Guenter Brus came together in the 1960’s and “Actionists” took formation. They mainly promoted action painting, which depicted the agony and sufferings which the Vienne’s bore in the world war II.
Abstract expressionism had a great impact on the America and European art shifting the art center from Paris to New York City. During the 1950’s new, younger artists started to follow the color field painting and was expanding. But everything has an end. In the 1960’s slowly and steadily the abstract expressionism start losing its ground in front of the rising pop art and young artist began disperse from the fraternity in search of new avenues and form of art. But the achievement of the abstract expressionism art stands tall in terms of standards with other form of the arts.
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