A tyre is a ring-shaped product that covers the wheel’s rim in a vehicle. The main function is to provide a smooth ride by transferring the vehicle’s load from the axle to the ground.

Another important function of Dunlop tyres is to provide traction and proper grip on the roads. If you see a tyre from the outside, it may seem like an elementary component, but it is not. So let us discuss in detail the different elements that are present in a tyre.

Rubber Compound

Rubber compounding is a different process that Dunlop Tyres Derby goes through to equip it with the best compound. The rubber compounding process includes mixing different kinds of compounds with other characteristics.

This is done to ensure the purpose of the tyre is served. The rubber compound present in the tyre describes the duration of wear and tear of the tyre and many other aspects such as mileage, fuel consumption, traction, grip on the road, stability, strength of the tyre, etc.

Different types of tyres are summer tyres, winter tyres, all-season tyres, off-roading tyres, tractor tyres, etc., and they have different rubber compounds depending on the requirements.

Body Ply

There are more than two plies inside most tyres. Other than plies, present in a tyre casing are cords made of rayon, nylon, polyester, etc.

All these things are incorporated in the casing rubber to form the tyre and fill it with other good characteristics. It makes the tyre smooth, light weighted and provides the benefit of a safe ride. It also helps the heat that is trapped in the tyre to release.


The sidewall in the tyre is nothing but the rubber compound present at the tyre side. The side walls are one of the most important parts of a tyre as the rubber compound present in the size of the tyre decides the flexibility level of the tyres.

It makes the tyre weather-resistant so that in the weather conditions with the temperature falling below seven °C, the rubber of the sidewall does not tend to soften. Whereas, in areas where the temperature rises above seven °C, the rubber does not harden due to the rising weather.

Other than the natural and synthetic rubber, sometimes the side also consists of steel, nylon, rayon, etc. It helps in making the tyres smooth and provides a more effortless driving experience.

Complex Engineering

A tyre is an object, during the construction of which, a person can see how parts of science like maths, physics and chemistry come together. Then, these three things are merged to provide you with a comfortable, smooth and safe ride.

These three subjects define different departments of tyres. More than a hundred components are present in a tyre, such as synthetic rubber, natural rubber, nylon, rayon polyester, petroleum, steel, silica, carbon black, etc.

All these ingredients are processed in different ways to get the final product. All the ingredients are equally important and are dealt with by experts. The whole process of manufacturing a tyre is a product of complex engineering.

It requires professional engineers and experts to design a tyre. After all, tyres play a very important role in ensuring a safe ride.


The tread in a tyre is nothing but the rubber compound present on the circumference of the tyre. As we know, the Buy Tyres Derby is that part of the vehicle that is in direct contact with the road; the tread is that part of the tyre that is in ultimate contact with the road.

Treads can wear off for two reasons: one is with time, and the other is because of regular use of the tyres. The main purpose of tread in a tyre is to provide traction on roads.

The tread pattern is nothing but grooves that are moulded to form rubber. They help the tyres in having proper grip, especially on smooth roads.