Your skin is something that needs special attention. Considering the millennial lifestyle, it is vital that you take special care of your skin to maintain its health even as you age. One of the most common skin issues that a lot of people face is pigmentation and scarring. It could be due to any reason, tanning, acne scars, or a few pesky spots that just won’t go away! Fortunately, to treat these problems altogether there are some effective laser treatments for skin whitening that can improve the quality of your skin and prevent these problems from happening again. Apart from consulting the right dermatologist and taking the right preventive measures you need to know your skin type. So, before doing that find out about different laser skin treatments and pick the most appropriate one for yourself.

Types of laser treatment

There are several types of laser skin lightening treatments, but there are few simply better than the rest. These are  Ablative and Non-Ablative. The ablative laser treatment includes the ejection of an intense wavelength into the skin for removal of the outer layers of damaged skin whereas Non-Ablative laser enters the skin layer, stimulates collagen growth, and tightens the underlying skin that improves the skin tone. These two categories have subtypes as well, which are as follows

Ablative lasers

This form of face whitening treatment fades the wrinkles, dark spots, and fine lines that change the entire look of the skin making it smoother and brighter. But you might wonder, what does this treatment involve? Below is the breakdown of the same. 

Carbon-dioxide laser ( CO2)

This treatment is useful for problems like acne scars, deep-set wrinkles, moles, skin tags, saggy skin, sun damage, and birthmarks. This method has been in existence since the late ’60s  and its popularity has grown over time. The fractional mode of lasers has fewer side effects and heals the skin faster. Erbium Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet (Er: YAG)

This form of whitening treatment removes the deep lines and wrinkles on the face, hands, neck, and even chest. During treatment, you might experience a slight burning sensation initially which is 100% bearable and normal. This treatment cures pigmentation problems like acne scars, sun damage, fine lines, and moderate wrinkles and moles.

Non-Ablative lasers

This type of treatment removes the top layer of dead skin cells to stimulate collagen growth and also provides a firming effect on the skin.  This, as a result, eliminates wrinkles, fine lines and improves overall skin appearance. Pulsed-Dye laser

This form of laser treatment reduces the redness of the skin by shrinking the blood vessels. The good thing is it can be used anywhere on the face and body. This treatment serves noticeable results in 3 to 5 sessions. Your skin might feel tender or become a little sensitive for some time after the treatment. a. It can help you get rid of various skin conditions like spider veins, birthmarks, rosacea, broken capillaries, stretch marks, vascular lesions, and fine lines around the eyes.

Nd: Yag Laser

This sounds a little complicated but is easier compared to other laser treatments. Neodymium-doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet is a crystal used as a laser medium for solid-state lasers. The wavelength of the laser focuses on a specific skin condition and creates heat that destroys the damaged cells. This treatment is useful for treating vascular lesions, pigmented lesions, and all skin pigmentation-related problems.

Alexandrite laser 

This treatment emits a wavelength of intense energy light that is converted to heat energy and cleans a specific area of skin. The laser uses the process of photo thermolysis which cures the damage by destroying the lesion and leaving surrounding tissues undamaged. Its specialty is it removes all the brown spots caused due to sun damage.

These methods help to reduce the natural melanin composition in the body. The results vary as per the equipment used by experts. If performed properly by an expert surgeon, then lasers can rejuvenate the skin and bring back the glow.