Arunachal Pradesh is located at the tip of northeastern India. It shares its borders to the south with Assam, Nagaland, and Nagaland. It also shares borders with Bhutan in the west and Myanmar in the east. There is also a disputed border with China at the McMahon Line in the north. It is the largest state in terms of area in the region’s northeast.

It now includes 25 districts as of July 2020. It is known as “Land of the Rising Sun”. The literal meaning of “Land of the Rising Sun”, is “the Land of the Dawn-lit Mountains”. It is the first to receive the sun’s rays in the country. Itanagar is the capital of the state and also its largest city.

It is known for its beauty and stable agricultural economy. Arunachal Pradesh’s main crops include pulses, sugarcane rice, wheat, maize, and sugarcane. The country has a large amount of forest cover which means that its economy is supported by forest products.

Here are the Pin codes of Arunachal.

The state’s tourism sector has not been fully utilized. The state government is currently reviving Arunachal Pradesh’s tourism sector, which was severely affected by the coronavirus pandemic.

Geography of Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh has an area of 83.743 km2 (32.233 sq mi). It is 14th in the country’s total area. It extends from the Himalayas covered in snow to the Brahmaputra plains. It lies between 26deg30′ and 29deg30′ North latitude, and 91deg30′ and 97deg30′ East longitude.

The climate of Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh’s climate has been greatly affected by the Himalayas. Its elevation is what determines the climate of Arunachal Pradesh. The state’s upper regions have an alpine climate or tundra climate. While the lower Himalayan parts of the state are more temperate, they experience a mild climate. The lower parts of the state are subject to humid conditions.


Arunachal Pradesh is primarily an agricultural state. Rice, pulses, and sugarcane are the main crops. To increase their agricultural yield, farmers use a variety of methods. Jhum farming and terrace agriculture are just two examples. Jhum cultivation is where the farmers prepare the land for harvesting by burning or removing unwanted cultivation. Terrace farming is the process of forming hilly agricultural lands into numerous terraces to prevent soil erosion.

Arunachal Pradesh’s forest cover is well-exploited. There are many rice mills in the state, as well as fruit preservation departments and horticulture units. The state’s horticulture production grew to 213.87 million metric tonnes (MT) in 2018-19.

There are many key industries in the state, including power, art, crafts, cane, bamboo, power, and mineral-based industry.

Demography of Arunachal Pradesh

According to the 2011 census, the population of Arunachal Pradesh was 13,82,611, with 21,201,678 (50.54%), and 20,745,680 (44.96%) being male. According to the 2011 census, there are 978 females for every 1000 males in the state’s sex ratio. According to the 2011 census, the literacy rate in the state was 65.38%.

Rivers of Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh is primarily an agricultural state. Brahmaputra and Subansiri are the major rivers that flow through the state. These rivers, which are snow-fed, originate from the Himalayas. They divide the state into five river valleys, the Kameng (subansiri), the Siang, and the Lohit.

Tourism Sector in Arunachal Pradesh, and Important Tourist Destinations

Arunachal Pradesh’s beautiful scenery is enhanced by the snow-capped mountains and the picturesque valleys. If tourism is explored, these features could be major tourist attractions. There are also some attractions that will entice tourists to the state.


Tawang is situated at 2,669m (8,757ft) above sea level. Adventure lovers will love the hill station, which has some inaccessible but high-altitude lakes.


The largest city in Arunachal Pradesh has many places to visit, including Jawaharlal Nehru State Museum and Ganga Lake (Gyakar Siny) and the Ita Fort. There are four National parks and several wildlife sanctuaries in the state.

WildLife Sanctuaries of Arunachal Pradesh

Dr. D. Ering Memorial Wilderness Sanctuary

Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary

Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary

National Parks in Arunachal Pradesh

Mouling National Park, Jengging

Namdhapa National Park, Miao

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