In terms of financial rewards and a sense of personal fulfilment, a career in law is rewarding. Numerous career options exist in the legal field due to the complexity and variety of our legal system. The role of legal professionals is expanding and changing in the constantly changing legal system, ranging from lawyers, judges, and paralegals to legal consultants, academics, and civil servants.
A wide range of legal positions have increased in number over the past few years as a result of the staggering growth the legal profession has experienced. Legal employment has quickly increased in financial rewards, making it one of the most lucrative fields in the job market.
To pursue these careers, one must, however, earn a professional degree in law, such as an LLB, B.A.LL.B, BB.A.LL, etc. Graduates and undergraduates can pursue LLB programmed for either three or five years, respectively by joining best CLAT Coaching. This article aims to outline the range and process for entering various legal avenues in the public and private sectors after earning your professional graduate degree from a 3-year or 5-year program.
Private Sector For Law Students:
1. Civil Services:
The Indian Civil Services, which include the Indian Administrative Service, Police Services, Forest Services, and others, are examined by the Union Public Service Commission. After earning their LLBs, law students have a great opportunity to choose a career in government.
2. Public Prosecutor:
The state government appoints legal representatives known as Assistant Public Prosecutors/Public Prosecutors to represent themselves in criminal cases. Students must pass the State Public Service Commission exam in order to pursue this career path.
3. Judicial Services:
After receiving a graduation degree, one may choose to work as a judge or magistrate in the lower judiciary. Each state holds its own judicial service examinations for those interested in a career in the judiciary.
4. Investigation Agencies:
Through a rigorous competitive examination and selection process, central investigative agencies like the CBI, FBI, ED, and several state investigative agencies hire candidates for their legal departments. Candidates who are interested in working in these fields can look for openings on the agencies’ websites or in the official announcements and apply for these tests.
5. Armed Forces (Judge Advocate General):
This option is available to law students who want to enlist in the military in order to pursue a career in the Defense services. They have the option of choosing “Judge Advocate General.” The position of JAG is held by a major in the Indian Army, who serves as the force’s top lawyer and judge. A JAG’s primary responsibility is to support the presiding courts in the interpretation and application of military laws like the Army Act, the Indian Defense Act, etc.
6. Public Sector Undertakings:
The Indian government, certain states, or corporations own PSU (Public Sector Undertaking) units. One may search for careers in PSUs based on their individual exam or, in cases where it is applicable as an eligibility requirement, through their CLAT-PG scores. ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation) and POWERGRID (Power Grid Corporation Of India Limited) are two well-known companies.
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Public Sector For Law Students:
1. Corporate Houses and Law Firms:
To offer legal services to their clientele, Corporate Houses and Law Firms are businesses founded by individuals or groups of legal partners. Due to the attractive salaries they come with, corporate firms are currently the most sought-after employment opportunities. After graduating, one can begin working for corporate firms and practicing their chosen field, such as corporate litigation, arbitration, technology and media communication, cyber laws, etc.
2. Para-Legal/Legal Support Professional:
Paralegals are legal assistants who collaborate with partners in corporations or law firms. Meeting planning, trial preparation, and client interaction make up the majority of their work. During their initial period, a person can begin working in this position to learn actual legal principles.
3. In-house Counsels/Private Businesses:
Every private business has a legal department and employs in-house attorneys to handle legal disputes. One can work for both domestic and foreign organizations as a legal advisor, associate, manager, research fellow, etc.
4. Legal Academics/Educator:
Universities and law schools will hire you as a full-time professor or lecturer. One must complete their master’s degrees in law before enrolling in a PhD program in law in order to pursue this option.
After receiving their diplomas, graduates are qualified to apply for membership in the state-specific bar associations and to sit for the All-India Bar Examination, which is administered by the All-India Bar Council. Anyone who passes the test is eligible to practise in any Indian court. The students have the option to begin practising in any area of law, including criminal law, civil law, matrimonial law, etc., or they can join litigation firms to gain real-world legal experience.
6. Legal Advisor:
A solicitor or legal advisor is a professional who advises his clients and draughts legal documents. If you want to start your own practice and solicit clients, you don’t usually need to pass the bar council examination unless you need to represent a client in court.
7. Financial Services:
Banks and insurance companies both have legal departments and hire law officers after an examination. After graduating, one can apply for these exams without any prior legal experience and be hired as an administrative officer (Law) or specialist officer (Law) in both private and public sector banks like IBPS, SBI, etc.