In today’s market, staying on top of the position with the latest tools and technologies is crucial for every business whether it’s a startup or a large-scale enterprise. Well, there are plenty of tools used in web and mobile app development. However, two popular tools that have strongly impacted custom web development are AJAX & jQuery.

Both are primarily designed to help in making visually appealing, user-friendly, and stunning websites. Though they’re used in conjunction, AJAX & jQuery have several differences. In this blog, we will compare AJAX vs. jQuery and explore their different aspects. Let’s get started.

Definition of AJAX

AJAX or Asynchronous JavaScript & XML is a renowned web development technique that is extensively used to create dynamic and interactive web applications. It uses JavaScript to develop an XMLHttpRequest and allows the exchange of data with servers without refreshing or reloading the whole page. AJAX offers a very responsive and seamless user experience but it can’t support standard HTML. To use AJAX flawlessly, a proper scripting language is needed.

Features of AJAX

AJAX has a set of features and characteristics. Some of the best and most notable features include:

  1. Asynchronous data exchange:AJAX enables data to be quickly sent & received from a server without reloading the whole web page. This results in an excellent user experience and faster response time.
  2. Supports different data formats:While XML is one of the major parts of AJAX, it helps to manage several data formats, including HTML, JSON (JavaScript Object Notation), plain text, etc. This makes AJAX a versatile option for multiple use cases.
  3. XMLHttpRequest object: AJAX mainly utilizes the XMLHttpRequest to facilitate data transfer. This helps you make HTTP requests to the server & asynchronously manage the responses.
  4. Cross-browser compatibility: AJAX supports modern web browsers. This makes it a reliable and unique option for cross-browser compatibility.
  5. Error handling: AJAX offers robust and efficient error-solving mechanisms. It allows developers to gracefully manage network issues and resolve server errors.

Major Use Cases for AJAX

AJAX helps you freely communicate with the server. It has several use cases and applications. Some of the major use cases include:

  1. Form validation: AJAX is effectively used to validate the form on the client side before sending it to the server. This offers real-time feedback to a user.
  2. Notifications & live chat:Live chat, notifications, and other real-time communication features usually depend on AJAX that help to send & receive messages by reloading or refreshing the page.
  3. Auto-complete and auto-suggest:AJAX supports auto-complete and auto-suggest features, where the server provides suggestions depending on user input without refreshing the entire page.
  4. Data fetching from APIs: AJAX can also be used to fetch data from APIs. This makes it easier to integrate several external solutions into web apps.

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Key Benefits of AJAX

  • Improves the interactivity between the visitors and the website
  • Utilizes the latest technologies that are easy to employ
  • Enhances overall user experience and faster response time
  • Supported by several web browsers today

Definition of jQuery

jQuery refers to a concise, feature-rich & fast client-side JavaScript library that makes web development processes simplified. As a scripting toolkit, jQuery helps to address inconsistencies & complexities in JavaScript across browsers. Its primary objective is to minimize the lengthy javascript coding methods to simple code lines. It also decreases the complexity levels of DOM calls & Ajax.

Features of JQuery

jQuery comes with a number of unique features and functionalities. Some of the best features include:

  1. DOM manipulation: jQuery makes DOM manipulation simplified by offering a consistent & concise API for choosing & modifying elements on the web page.
  2. Cross-browser compatibility:One of the major objectives of jQuery is to reduce all browser inconsistencies. This ensures that code consistently works across every browser.
  3. Effects & animation: The jQuery tool includes built-in techniques for making animations & applying different visual effects to elements on the web page.
  4. Event Handling:In jQuery, the event handling feature is fully straightforward which makes it easier to attach & respond to several user interactions like keyboard inputs, mouse events, clicks, etc.
  5. Integration with AJAX:jQuery offers a smooth interface for developing AJAX requests that make the process simplified in comparison to utilizing raw XMLHttpRequest.

Use Cases for JQuery

Just like AJAX, jQuery has a number of use cases & applications. Some of the major use cases include:

  1. DOM Manipulation:jQuery is one of the best choices for choosing & manipulating DOM elements that allows you to add, remove, and manage CSS & HTML attributes.
  2. Cross-browser compatibility:One of the major benefits of jQuery is to manage all cross-browser compatibility issues. This helps web app developerssave a huge amount of time & effort.
  3. AJAX Requests: Although you may utilize raw AJAX, jQuery’s AJAX technique can simplify the overall process of developing asynchronous requests to the server.
  4. Event Handling: jQuery simplifies handling events and user interactions effectively. This makes it a perfect choice for making interactive web applications.
  5. Effects & animation:If your web appneeds visual effects & animations, jQuery will offer simple and straightforward methods to implement them.

Major Benefits of jQuery

  • A small library (19 kilobytes approx)
  • Offers better assistance to HTML event techniques
  • Helps developers avoid major browser errors
  • Allows to write JavaScript easier & faster
  • Compatible on different platforms including Firefox, Safari, Chrome, MS Edge, Internet Explorer, etc.

AJAX vs. jQuery: Complete Comparison

Aspects AJAX jQuery
Dependency Complete JavaScript Technology JavaScript Library
Length of Code Usually needs more code Needs less code
Cross-browser Compatibility Allows developers to manually handle cross-browser compatibility It abstracts away cross-browser issues and inconsistencies
DOM Manipulation Does not offer DOM manipulation features directly Provides a huge DOM manipulation capability
Error Handling Needs manual error handling Offers built-in error handling
Complexity Levels Mainly requires a good knowledge of JavaScript Very intuitive and beginner-friendly that AJAX
Plugins & Community Less community support than jQuery It comes with extensive plugins and resources with a large community
Extensibility Can easily be extended with extra JavaScript libraries Can be extended with additional jQuery plugins

 When to Use AJAX?

In modern web application development, AJAX is used extensively. Technically, it can be used in the following scenarios:

  1. Fine-grained control: If anybody needs fine-grained control over the AJAX requests and responses. Moreover, raw AJAX can also be a great choice, if anybody wants to work with a particular data format.
  2. Less overhead: If you want to keep your JavaScript code lightweight, utilizing the raw AJAX may minimize the necessity for entire libraries like jQuery.
  3. Other library integration: AJAX can be helpful if a project involves other JavaScript libraries & framework integration that can’t properly work with jQuery.

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When to Use jQuery?

The main purpose of using jQuery is to make it simpler to use JavaScript on the website. This is mainly used for:

  1. Rapid development: When you would like to create web apps efficiently & quickly, extensive features & concise syntax jQuery can significantly accelerate the speed of development.
  2. Cross-browser compatibility: jQuery is a perfect option when cross-browser compatibility is a major concern. It saves developers from creating complex browser-oriented codes.
  3. DOM manipulation:If your task is based on selecting, animating, or managing DOM elements, jQuery makes these tasks simplified and results in simpler codes.
  4. Event handling: The event management system of jQuery offers a more organized and easier approach when working with user interactions or complex event handling.
  5. AJAX requests:While AJAX can be used to make asynchronous requests, the AJAX method of jQuery is more convenient & straightforward.

Final Words

AJAX and jQuery both are in great demand as they have emerged as important tools for web developers today. Although they make the browsing experience streamlined, their operations & roles are distinct. While JQuery is used to enhance client-side web development, Ajax provides a mechanism to send & receive data from web pages through XML Http Request and it can manage data without refreshing the page. Technically, the ultimate choice between AJAX & jQuery depends on your project needs and requirements. For more info, feel free to consult with our experts.


What is the difference between AJAX and jQuery?

One of the major differences between jQuery & AJAX is that jQuery is a more JavaScript-based framework than AJAX. Technically, AJAX is a method or technique used to connect with a server without refreshing or reloading the web page. It helps to make more dynamic, responsive, and interactive web pages.

What is the main purpose of using AJAX with jQuery?

With jQuery AJAX, you can easily request text, XML, HTML, or JSON from the server with the help of HTTP Post and HTTP Get. Other key purposes of using AJAX with jQuery include:

  • Asynchronous requests
  • Real-time updates
  • Enhanced user experience
  • Minimized bandwidth usage
  • Data validation & submission
  • Enhanced performance

How is AJAX used without jQuery?

AJAX can easily be used without jQuery by working with the JavaScript capabilities of the browser directly & the XMLHttpRequest object. Here are the key steps for implementing AJAX without jQuery:

  • Developing an XMLHttpRequest Object
  • Setting up the request
  • Managing the response
  • Sending the request