Kidney stones range in size from being as tiny as a grain of sand to as large as a golf ball and are made up of an irregularly formed solid mass or crystal. Depending on the size of your kidney stone, sometimes you might not even know you have a problem. Even a tiny stone passing through your urinary system may be painful, and it may take up to three weeks for this to happen, although drinking fluids may speed things up.

A kidney stone causes

High levels of minerals and other chemicals in urine, such as calcium, oxalate, and uric acid, may form crystals that cause kidney stones. As crystals come into contact, they form a solid bond. Insufficient amounts of fluid and other substances in the urine are the nephrolithiasis causes of the stone development.

A kidney stone may have a medical origin in rare instances. Calcium, oxalate, uric acid, and cystine are just a few of the chemicals known to be associated with various uncommon medical conditions. These chemicals have the potential to build up in the body to levels that are considered to be harmful. When the concentration of these compounds in the urine is high enough, stones may develop.

Stones in the kidneys may be very small and travel through the body undetected. But, a larger one might cause severe pain by blocking the passage of urine. It has been said that the suffering of kidney stones is on par with or even more than what one goes through during labor and delivery. Kidney stones may be caused by various factors, including the foods and medicines you consume.

What causes kidney stones in men?

Causes of stone may be brought on by many things, including a poor diet, being overweight, having a medical condition, or using certain supplements or drugs. The urinary system, from the kidneys to the bladder, is vulnerable to damage from kidney stones.

What causes kidney stones in women?

The presence of more crystal-forming chemicals in the urine than the urine fluid can dilute is the leading causes of renal stone. These compounds include calcium, oxalate, and uric acid. On the other hand, you may be encouraging the formation of kidney stones because your urine lacks chemicals that prevent crystals from binding together.

Different types of Kidney Stones

The size, shape, and color of kidney stones may vary widely. They range from a little bigger than a grain of sand to sometimes reaching the size of a golf ball. Common kidney stone subtypes include:

  1. The most prevalent kind of stone is calcium stones
  2. Urinary tract infections may lead to the formation of struvite stones
  3. Uric acid stones develop when there is an abnormally high concentration of acid in the urine.

Prevention and treatment of kidney stones

Most kidney stones dissolve in the urine and may be treated with over-the-counter drugs if they are mild enough. Ultrasound or laser radiation may be necessary to break apart larger stones, and massive kidney stones are sometimes removed using keyhole surgery.

It is believed that half of all persons who have ever suffered from kidney stones may suffer from them again over the next five years.

The best way to prevent kidney stones is to drink enough water every day and keep yourself from being dehydrated. The formation of kidney stones may be avoided by drinking enough water and keeping your urine diluted (clear).


Salt and mineral deposits crystallise in the kidneys, creating kidney stones that may pass into the urethras and bladder. Pain, difficulty urinating, murky or odorous urine, nausea, and vomiting are some side effects of having a stone.

You should see a specialist from Livlong immediately if you experience any warning signs of kidney stones. Getting treatment for kidney stones quickly dramatically reduces the risk of consequences.