Thyroid cancer is a cell growth that begins in the thyroid. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck, directly below the larynx. Thyroid hormones control heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight. According to a thyroid cancer doctor in Kolkata, there are several types of thyroid cancer mentioned in this blog.

Types of thyroid cancer

Differentiated thyroid cancers:

Thyroid cancers that begin in the cells that create and store thyroid hormones fall into this wide group. There are four types of differentiated thyroid cancers, and these are:

  • Papillary thyroid cancer
  • Follicular thyroid cancer
  • Hurthle cell thyroid cancer
  • Poorly differentiated thyroid cancer

Anaplastic thyroid cancer:

This uncommon kind of thyroid cancer spreads swiftly and is difficult to cure. On the other hand, treatment for thyroid cancer can help in slowing down the progression of the disease. Anaplastic thyroid cancer is more common in adults over the age of 60. It can result in severe signs and symptoms, such as neck swelling that develops fast and can lead to difficulties breathing and swallowing.

Medullary thyroid cancer:

According to a thyroid cancer surgeon in Kolkata, medullary thyroid cancer is one of the most uncommon kinds of thyroid cancer that develops in C cells, which generate the hormone calcitonin. Elevated calcitonin levels in the blood can suggest medullary thyroid carcinoma at an early stage. Some medullary thyroid tumours are caused by the RET gene, which is handed down from parents to children. Changes in the RET gene can result in familial medullary thyroid cancer and type 2 multiple endocrine neoplasias. Thyroid cancer risk is increased in families with medullary thyroid carcinoma. Type 2 multiple endocrine neoplasias raise the chance of thyroid cancer, adrenal gland cancer, and other malignancies.

Other rare types of thyroid cancer:

According to a thyroid cancer doctor, other extremely uncommon kinds of cancer can begin in the thyroid. Thyroid lymphoma, which develops in thyroid immune system cells, and thyroid sarcoma, which begins in thyroid connective tissue cells, are two examples.

Thyroid cancer treatment is based on the types of thyroid cancer mentioned above.