Businesses have relocated their operations to online platforms in response to the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic, and people have been forced to adopt work-from-home lives to prevent the virus from spreading further.

Furthermore, the current period of digital revolution, combined with technological improvements, has pushed different industries closer together, pushing their interdependence further to create a symbiotic interaction throughout multiple sectors.

Graduates all around the world have been affected by revolutionary industry changes as well as a sharp drop in accessible prospects during this time.

Employers have developed greater and more refined standards from their younger working professionals as a result of measures to decrease operational costs. They must also have excellent problem-solving and analytical skills, as well as excellent communication and management skills and the ability to operate in a variety of teams.

Mechanical engineering is one of the professions that has been greatly impacted over the years. It is one of the oldest engineering specialties, as well as the broadest, because it combines industrial, civil, and chemical studies.

As a result, it is a popular course of study because graduates in this discipline are in high demand due to rapid industrialization and can be found in a variety of work settings spanning numerous industries.

In keeping with the current survey report by PIET, the Best Mechanical Engineering Colleges In Panipat, Mechanical engineering is no longer confined to a specialty subject; it has expanded to incorporate CAD/CAM, IoT, AI & ML, and other specialisations.

Here are some new mechanical engineering trends that aspiring engineers should be aware of:
CAD/CAM (Computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing) software is used to encode geometrical data using computer-based methods in which the design and manufacturing processes of automated machines are highly integrated.

CAM is the control of machine tools in the manufacturing of parts, whereas CAD is primarily used to develop drawings. The former aids designers, while the latter aids in the reduction of manufacturing costs. Both programmes necessitate the use of powerful computers.

2. Design of heat exchanger
Heat exchangers are systems that use two or more fluids to transport heat from one place to another. It’s a system that allows for easy heat transmission without having to transfer the fluid directly. For heat management tasks, they are critical components of fuel cell systems.

Recently, there has been a lot of interest in designing energy-efficient, effective, and long-lasting heat exchangers in the mechanical engineering sector.

3. IoT (Internet of Things) and Smart Manufacturing Industry
Simply said, smart manufacturing is a production system that can resolve issues with speed, structure, and accountability, resulting in a fully integrated, collaborative structure across the supply chain.

It ensures a real-time response to satisfy the ever-increasing demands in customer needs as well as the changing supply network conditions. It’s known as Industry 4.0 because it’s the fourth industrial revolution, and it’s where the concept of smart manufacturing was born.

Along with IoT, which is an interconnected system connecting devices, mechanical machines, people, things, and so on to help send data over a network using UIDs, this smart industry has helped enhance product quality, asset utilisation, and so on (Unique Identifiers).

4. Artificial intelligence and machine learning
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a technique in which a machine attempts to mimic human behaviour. AI is being employed in most up-and-coming technical domains such as robots, VR, IoT, and others, therefore it is unquestionably the future of every company.

Machine Learning is an AI application that supplies a system with automatic information about a machine without requiring it to be explicitly configured previously. Machine learning also aids apps in making more accurate predictions.

Other than the aforementioned, some of the key sectors now recruiting mechanical engineers are those active in the disciplines of hybrid and autonomous vehicles, data sciences, embedded systems, smart cities and urban analytics, and so on.

Mechanical engineering has a bright future ahead of it, since various businesses today require professionals with strong analytical skills and a comprehensive awareness of emerging technology to keep up with current trends and set new industry standards.

More information on mechanical engineering and after programmes by the leading Mechanical Engineering College Panipat can be found at