“An education isn’t how much you have committed to memory or even how much you know. It’s being able to differentiate between what you know and what you don’t.” – Anatole France.

In India, many improvements have recently been made to the educational system, ranging from elementary school to university. The Union Cabinet has adopted a New Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) that incorporates all the reforms.

New Education Policy takes forward our learning system towards global standards, which will impact the future of Indian education. The NEP 2020 aims to boost public education investment from 4.4% of India’s GDP to 6%, and more than 290 million kids’ lives will change for an enhanced future if this new policy is implemented with the thought behind it.

New Education Policy 2020 – An Overview

The New Education Policy 2020 comes with new pedagogical approaches that foster students’ overall development through hands-on learning. The new policy is focused on bringing out each kid’s talents. It is based on the five fundamental pillars of Equity, Access, Affordability, Accountability, and Quality.

NEP aims to improve the overall quality of education while strengthening India as an international superpower. Let’s look at the brief of this policy that makes you better understand why it is necessary –

  • Single Regulations for All Levels of School Education
  • Changes in School Curriculum and Pedagogy
  • Assessment Reforms
  • Promoting Regional/Local Language
  • Equitable and Inclusive Education
  • Standard Setting and Accreditation Program
  • Changes in the Process of Teacher Recruitment

What Are the Advantages of the New Education Policy 2020?

After the launch of the new education policy 2020 system, students can take a break from their studies. Then, they can rejoin the program at the same school or any other school they choose whenever it suits them best.

The new policy aims to integrate the Indian learning culture and ethos into the regular core curriculum for school students. In addition, it will enable Indian students to study the history of India and the nation’s glorious past.

Following are some of the advantages that will explain to you how NEP 2020 will enhance the education system of India:

  • No language will be forced on any student.
  • The 5+3+3+4 education system includes a great base of ECCE from the age of 3 to promote improved development, learning, and well-being of kids.
  • Vocational education to start from class 6th with Internships.
  • National Research Foundation (NRF) to be established to foster an excellent research culture.
  • No rigid separation between science, commerce and art, extracurricular and curricular activities, and vocational and educational streams in schools.

New education policy visualises three paradigm shifts in School Education which guide the National Curriculum Framework:

  • Transitioning to an emphasis on essential and analytical thinking rather than rote learning
  • Transitioning to a holistic and multidisciplinary education
  • Transitioning to a new pedagogical and curricular structure

The National Curriculum Framework serves as a principle for designing the textbooks and syllabus and reforms teaching practices in the country. It is a significant component of NEP 2020, which energises and enables this transformation in line with the aims and approaches of the new policy.


As mentioned in NEP 2020, several areas of developing literacy and numeracy, moral development, socio-emotional and cognitive development, physical and motor, art and aesthetics are interdependent and interrelated.

In short, the new policy combines traditional and digital learning systems and will need educators to be trained in remote or smart learning systems. Overall, NEP will prove to be a game changer for the Indian Education system.