Eye cancer, also known as ocular cancer, can develop in various parts of the eye. Detecting eye cancer early is crucial for successful treatment. Here are some of the first signs of eye cancer to look out for.

Changes in vision

One of the earliest signs of eye cancer is changes in vision, such as:

  • Blurred vision
  • Partial loss of vision or blind spots
  • Seeing flashes of light
  • Double vision

These vision changes may be subtle at first but tend to get progressively worse. They are caused by the tumor interfering with the normal functioning of the eye.

Eye pain

Persistent eye pain or discomfort can signal eye cancer, especially if it occurs with no apparent eye injury or infection. The pain may feel like pressure behind the eye. Eye cancer can cause inflammation and swelling that leads to a dull ache or sharp pain in or around the eye.

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Red or swollen eye

An unexplained red, bloodshot or swollen eye may indicate eye cancer. The redness is caused by ruptured blood vessels on the surface of the eye due to the tumor. Swelling occurs when fluid builds up in the eye, which is another effect of the tumor.

Pupil changes

An enlarged, distorted or uneven pupil can be a warning sign. Eye cancer may cause the pupil to become elliptical or irregular in shape as the tumor presses on the muscles around the iris. Pupil dilation problems are another clue.

Bulging eye

A bulging or protuberant eye is a common symptom of eye cancer. This occurs when a tumor behind the eye pushes the eyeball forward. Eye cancer can also cause bulging of just a small area of the eye.

Vision loss

Gradual vision loss in one eye is a serious sign demanding urgent medical attention. If the eye cancer is not caught early, it can destroy nerves in the eye leading to partial or total vision loss.

##Spots in vision

Seeing spots, specks or shadows in your field of vision is another warning sign. These are caused by the tumor interfering with light passing through the eye. The spots may look like dots, strings or cobwebs drifting through the field of vision.

White eye reflex loss

Eye cancer can cause the normal white reflex of the eye to become grayish, yellowish or pinkish. This effect is due to tumor cells invading the eye tissue and altering the light reflection from inside the eye.

Don’t ignore any puzzling eye symptoms or changes. Consult an ophthalmologist promptly for a full eye exam and diagnosis. Early detection and treatment are key to saving vision and preventing eye cancer from spreading.

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