Gender discrimination is also known as sex discrimination, it occurs when an individual is treated differently than other ones because of his or her gender identity. It’s legally classified into two types:

1: Unequal treatment

2: & disparate effect

The former refers to intentional discrimination, whereas the latter addresses the inadvertent discriminatory implications of an action or business policy on the other hand the disparate therapy is straighter & more manageable. In fact, disparate damage might go unreported & untreated for much longer.

Types of Gender Discrimination at Work

Gender prejudice does not have to be deliberate. Someone in the office may discriminate against an employee without realizing it or intending to do so, but this may still be considered workplace discrimination. The anti-discrimination statute prohibits positive discrimination against one gender; nonetheless, positive action is legal and permitted. In addition to protecting both men and women against gender discrimination in the workplace, the law protects workers from:

  • Discrimination based on pregnancy or maternity leave, gender reassignment, or marriage/civil partnership status.
  • Discrimination based on gender or sexual orientation

Moreover, gender discrimination in the workplace is categorized into two types:

Direct discrimination– it happens when an employee is treated unfairly just because of their gender for example harassment & sexist abuse.

Indirect discrimination– it happens when a company has a rule, practice or policy that an employee of one gender is less likely to encounter, putting them at a disadvantage compared to the opposite gender.

Other types of unlawful gender discrimination that people, primarily women, may confront at work include:

Salary – if a female employee is working her way up the company’s reputation & now she becomes the organization’s top sales person but she suddenly learns that a male employee with comparable training & work experience is recently hired with high salary than her. She is transferred to a less desirable work location, while a male employee with inferior sales numbers is assigned her territory and clientele.

Hiring/Promotions/Firing – A person applies for a job for which they have experience and great qualities, but they are not hired since the company’s clientele prefer working with men; A female employee is informed that they are being laid off owing to reductions and reorganization, but men in the same position and with less seniority are able to keep their jobs; A female employee has been with the company for years, obtaining excellent ratings and/or employee-of-the-year awards, yet each time she files for a promotion, the post is filled by a less qualified guy.

Job Classification – A lady who has worked for the company for years, putting in many hours of overtime, returns from having a baby and informs her employer that she will be unable to work as many hours of overtime as she previously did. Her position is then shifted to a lesser one, and she is paid significantly less. In contrast, men employees in the same job are permitted to reduce their overtime for personal reasons without being demoted or having their income lowered.

Benefits – A company’s health insurance policy does not cover the husband of a female employee because it is assumed that he has his own benefits, although male employees’ spouses are covered by the policy.


It’s totally unfair to bear workplace intolerance, including gender discrimination. It’s the basic right of everyone to feel safe, treated equally, & protected at workplace. Furthermore, businesses are expected by law to provide a workplace free of discrimination, assault, and harassment. However, if you believe you have been discriminated against at work, you should be aware that you have the right to challenge it. To find out if you have a workplace gender discrimination case worth pursuing, contact Gender Discrimination Lawyer in Chicago. We give each case the attention and care it deserves and can fight for your civil rights from start to finish. We provide a free consultation to all of our prospective clients, so there is nothing to lose.