It is crucial to understand how public holidays are counted in the regular working schedule in order to accurately calculate how many working days in a year there are. Public holidays vary immensely in different parts of the world, and this affects productivity, benefits, and payroll calculations.

Global Variance in Public Holidays

This fact is actually out of an uneven number of public holidays that are celebrated in different countries, which affects the number of days of work that the year will have. For instance, while a country like the United States in general is up to 10 federal holidays, others such as India or Japan have more, due to a plethora of cultural events. These holidays not only represent culture and history but also legislate into the breaks for workers that are statutorily required, thus affecting the total number of days for work in a year.

Economic and Social Implications

Public holidays could well be the once-in-a-year celebration that can either boost or dampen an economy of a country. While some industries such as retail or hospitality may benefit through the holidays by gains in added revenue, other industries such as manufacturing can be affected due to stoppages in work and the loss of man-hours.

Work-life balance

Public holidays form the backbone of enhanced work-life balance, as employees get a reprieve that they so much need. This goes a long way in reducing burnout and, therefore, the employees being highly satisfied will reciprocate this in highly productive work results. An employer should, therefore, be flexible enough, incorporating these breaks into consideration while making the number of work days in a year minus holidays that his employees will actually work, and that business needs and other statutory requirements must be aligned.

Strategic Planning for Businesses For businesses that want to do advanced operational planning, including those with regards to inventory management and workforce requirements and meeting project deadlines, it is important to understand how public holidays would affect the workdays. Advanced planning can help to mitigate any adverse impacts on productivity from a reduction in working days.

See Also: How Many Work Hours in a Year


It does follow, therefore, that public holidays determine how many work days there are in a year. These are significant events for the employee and the employer alike, in view of the significance associated with them in respect of productivity, economic output, and personal welfare. The impact of public holiday pay is further enhanced by globalization, and it is key that multinationals are sensitive to the cultural significance of public holidays to a global workforce. Organizations plan their operational calendars and payrolls with great care so that the count of work days in a year is calculated and adjusted for local and national holidays.