June 6 is the National “Eye Care Day” every year. From 2016 to 2019, the theme of the National “Eye Care Day” for four consecutive years focused on the prevention and control of myopia in children and adolescents. “Small circle glasses mens” more and more, so that countless parents both worried and helpless. How to solve this big problem related to family health and the future of the nation? Listen to the experts.


Improve the ambient light, make the height of tables, chairs, blackboards, etc. match the height of students, urge students to maintain good sitting posture and do eye exercises, and monitor the length of children’s close reading… Schools and families are the “main front” for the prevention and control of myopia in children and adolescents.


“It is necessary to make unremitting efforts, but also to participate in the whole staff.” Fan Li, president of the Chinese Geriatrics Society, said that schools should raise the prevention and control of myopia to the same importance as students’ test scores, and parents should not relax the correct guidance and supervision of their children.


Government-led, departmental cooperation, expert guidance, school education, family attention, all aspects of the joint implementation of responsibility, can fundamentally curb the high incidence of myopia in children and adolescents. Some experts pointed out that the current myopia prevention and control system for children and adolescents still has room for improvement.


The prevention and control of myopia is a systemic problem that requires the cooperation of all sectors of society. Let more children’s vision problems get timely detection and intervention, in the past few days, the Beijing National Vision Health Management Center has entered the Chun Shu community in Xicheng District, Beijing, to provide free vision health education for the community, vision examination, evaluation, and documentation. At the same time, 200 amblysighted children were recruited for free services. Zhou Guochao, chairman of the Beijing National Vision Health Management Center, said: “Prevention and control of proximity is easy to treat more than prevention. We need to integrate all resources to fill the shortage of social terminal health services. Through the whole process of management services, students with poor vision will be able to ‘late myopia’ and ‘slow myopia’.”


“Many places have started to create a visual development profile of children, and will record the detailed parameters of the child’s refractive status, but often do not pay attention to the information of parents.” Shi Wei said that because myopia has a certain genetic factor, if the parents’ vision information is filled in at the same time on the school list, the children whose parents are highly short-sighted above 600 degrees can be listed as the key prevention and control group, which is conducive to the eye health of these children.


Schvey believes that in the monitoring and follow-up process of myopia, data collection must be accurate, so that a child’s continuous optical development curve can be obtained, and personalized prevention and control can be carried out according to their individual characteristics.


“We should give full play to the characteristics and advantages of traditional Chinese medicine to form a myopia prevention and control system covering the whole cycle of children and adolescents.” Kang Zefeng said that a large number of cases have proved that eye health exercises, ear point pressure beans, acupuncture and many TCM characteristics of diagnosis and treatment techniques are conducive to early prevention and control of myopia, prevent the development of medium-high myopia and even pathological myopia lesions.


He Wei, president of Liaoning He’s Eye Hospital, also suggested that the use of digital intelligent devices to facilitate myopia prevention and control screening, accelerate the establishment of electronic health records in rural primary and secondary schools, and ensure that the data is complete, accurate, traceable and manageable; Strengthen education and training to enhance the capacity of primary children’s eye care doctors.