Here Are Different Types Of Solar Panels You Need To Know About
Before making an investment as good as solar panels, it is important to know about all the possible options available. Solar energy is generated with the help of solar panels. Solar power generation through photovoltaic cells has increased rapidly over the years. After several decades of research, work, and development, researchers have discovered different types of solar panels in the market. Solar panels are mainly used for heating water and air-conditioning. Many people have adopted the change, and if you are planning to do so, then choose the best one for yourself. The exact Solar panel price in India differs depending on the geographical location and the total number of panels to be installed.
Types of Solar panels
There are three main types of solar panels; monocrystalline, polycrystalline, and thin-film. Each type has its own characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages. The semiconductor is the common thing present in all three. It is the main thing that converts light into electricity.
Monocrystalline panels are made of pure high-quality silicon wafers. The wafers are arranged in rows and columns, on a rectangular sheet, which is later covered with a glass sheet, and framed together. These panels are cut from a single piece of pure crystal of silicon. The efficiency rate of monocrystalline panels is 20%
These solar panels are quite common. The process of designing polycrystalline panels remains the same as monocrystalline panels. The difference is that polycrystalline solar cells are composed of fragments of silicon crystals. These crystals are melted together in a mold before they are cut into water. The effectiveness of these crystals is around 16-17%.
Thin-film solar panels are different. They are made with a mixed blend of different materials. These materials include cadmium telluride(CdTe), Amorphous silicon(a-Si), Copper Indium Gallium Selenide(CIGS). The common one is CdTe. It is placed between transparent conducting layers that capture sunlight and has a glass layer on top for protection.
The a-Si also uses silicon in the compilation of its panels. The silicon used in making is not solid. They are composed using non-crystalline silicon. There is a plastic or metal placed on the top for protection.
The CIGS is a mixture of 4 elements which include glass, plastic, aluminum, and steel. They are placed between two conductive layers that form a thin film. The front and back of this thin film consist of electrodes that capture electrical current.
Which type of solar panel is best?
As mentioned above, monocrystalline solar panels are 20 percent efficient, which is the highest. The efficiency is determined on the basis of how much sunlight is converted into electricity. It also requires less space but is a little expensive.
The primary function of a solar panel is to generate DC electricity. It powers all-electric appliances like solar lights, solar systems, solar pumps, and air-conditioners. This panel functions effectively because of all the materials used inside it.
Which solar panel is best for installation?
Your location is one of the important deciding factors that’ll help you know which solar panel is best for you. The factors of your property matter. All three panels serve benefits, and you should select the one that fits your property.
If your property is spacious, then you should install polycrystalline or monocrystalline panels. These panels will supply the electricity quantitatively, work efficiently, and serve you as per your expectations.
If you don’t want to spend more, then a thin-film solar panel is best for you. These are made with all photovoltaic materials. These materials make it easy to produce. They are flexible, and least affected by high temperature. They require a lot of space and are not warranted. If you want to spend less and make s short-term investment, then only you should purchase it, otherwise, you should choose from the other two.
This is the list from which you can choose for yourself. You have taken an eco-friendly decision, that will support the planet and people both. So, Citizen Solar will help you fulfill this decision by providing the best service.