Earthly Angels believe that surrogacy involves basic questions about the essence of personality, human dignity qualities, individual liberty and the boundaries of choice, and the distinction between what may be sold, what must be given away, and what should not be transferred at all. Earthly Angels Surrogacy has raised some of the issues as commoditizing children, breaking the mother-child link, interfering with nature, and exploitation of impoverished women in developing nations who sell their bodies for money.

  • Commoditization Issue – International accords and the jurisprudence of many courts reflect the idea that dignity bans the commoditization of the human body regardless of the choice of the individual whose commoditization is in question. Simply explained, surrogacy is a procedure that has the potential to offend human dignity and values. “The human body and its parts should not, as such, give rise to financial gain,” according to the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine. Some countries, like the United States, justify their objections to commercial surrogacy by citing how it reduces the gestational carrier and the child she bears to contract objects. The commoditization of children through commercial surrogacy is one of the key problems that raise the question of human rights since it puts the woman’s reproductive capability on the market. Because the act of childbirth is removed from the concept of motherhood, women are seen as objects of reproductive trade, thus renting wombs and devaluing childbearing.
  • Exploitation – Surrogacy raises several moral and ethical challenges, in addition to legal concerns, all of which have consequences for human rights legislation. Surrogacy incidents are a precursor to the utilization of poor and third-world women’s wombs to generate children for financially advantaged couples. Surrogates are more likely to be exploited in international commercial surrogacy, where surrogates are typically pushed by their in-laws to submit to a process that can provide a source of income for the entire family. This raises the question of whether surrogates truly have a free choice in the subject, or if a lack of economic options leaves them with no viable alternative. Sharron Wooten agrees that surrogates struggle to have equal negotiating power against the more rich and powerful clinics and commissioning parents they contract with because of their lack of legal or medical understanding and the fact that they are being given sums of money that appear enormous to them.
  • Surrogacy, according to some critics, “creates a national and international trade in women in which women become movable property, objects of the reproductive exchange, and are brokered by go-betweens who primarily serve the buyer.” This type of travel is sometimes referred to as “reproductive tourism.” On ethical grounds, it must be officially rejected and discouraged.
  • Although the commissioning parents and the fertility clinic look after the surrogate’s health so that she can have a healthy and safe pregnancy, this care is only provided for nine months. In the long term, none of them consider the surrogate mother’s physical and emotional welfare.

International commercial surrogacy is both a developing and a difficult field. has highlighted several concerns like women’s exploitation, the potential for parentage to be shared and even the denial of basic rights to children born under such an arrangement, and so on. Furthermore, it poses several ethical and moral difficulties, such as the commoditization of children, which is prohibited by many international agreements.