Excel is not just a grid where you can enter numbers in columns and rows. With this program, you can do all the mathematical operations you can imagine. You have to know how to create formulas. Yes, you can use Excel to calculate the totals of a column or row of numbers.

This great and multifunctional program performs operations with the application of formulas in its cells, the same in which you can do calculations of all kinds. Please take advantage of the power of Microsoft Excel, and learn how to perform excel index function with formulas, which can be from simple arithmetic steps or so complicated that they include conditional statements and nested functions.

A formula always begins with an equal sign (=), followed by numbers, mathematical operators (plus and minus signs, for example), and count function in excel, which can extend its power. Thus, all Excel formulas use a primary and easy-to-memorize syntax.

Watch how to make a formula in Excel:

  • Begin each formula with an equal sign (=), which tells Excel that the string of characters you will enter into the cell is a mathematical formula.
  • Coordinate references: it is when you detail the parts of your operation. They are the letters of your columns plus the numbers of your row.
  • Arithmetic operators for basic calculations: you can use any, be it addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division.
  • Press “Enter” when your formula is the way you want it.
  • Alter the order of the operation: if you put a parenthesis, this will be done in the first instance.

Basic Excel Formulas

In Excel, you can perform certain mathematical operations without needing a complex formula or a function you have to execute. Technically, addition is an Excel formula. The others are used as special operators in Excel.

  • SUM: The formula adds the values you can have in the cells. You can do it separately or through intervals.
  • Subtraction: To subtract two or more values, you must put the subtraction symbol (-).
  • Multiplication: to multiply values of one or more cells, you must put an asterisk (*) between them.
  • Division: To divide the values of one or several cells, you must put the slash (/) between them.

Excel maintains the logical order of math operations, multiplication and division first, then addition and subtraction. In addition, sumifs function in excel supports the use of parentheses to give precedence to operations that should resolve first before others.

Reference formulas

Excel reference formulas are enormously helpful when working with databases, tables, or large volumes of information. And on this page, you will find content that will help you improve and better understand its use. Some of the primary Excel lookup and reference formulas are:

  • VLOOKUP. vlookup excel allows us to look up a value in the first column of a table and then returns a value in the same row from a specified column.
  • DIRECTION. It creates a cell reference in text once the row and column numbers have been specified.
  • COLUMN. It allows us to get the column number of a reference.
  • LINE. It gives us the row number of a reference.

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